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State of Kenyan film industry

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By BONFACE NYAGA
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Lauded as perhaps Africa’s greatest export, Lion Heart has captured the imagination of audiences all over the world.

The first all-African production to be bought by Netflix, the feature film has received raving reviews from New York Times, Los Angeles Times and numerous news outlets across the world.

Premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival last year, Netfilix is said to have paid $3.8 million (Sh380million) to acquire it before its release. Its success has led many to ask when we shall see one of ours climb the same heights and fly the Kenyan flag on the global screens.

Online streaming services have levelled the playing field for film makers from all over the world by expanding distribution. To attract subscribers from all over the world, platforms are increasingly investing in local content from various parts of the world.

The entry of Netflix into the African market is a signal of greater things to come, but how ready is the Kenyan film industry for the world stage.

“We have a lot of great content, Veve is already on Netflix and there are many more that should be considered,” Pitcha Clear Director Andrew Gakinya, said.

“Some of our local films are just as good as Lion heart, in fact World Tofauti (a Kenyan production) has a better concept; Lion Heart is just a Naija movie without witches, but Nigerians are really good at hyping things.”

The content creator believes that a lack of team of work and corporate investment continue to hold back local films. It takes a village to put together a film and, in the absence of a budget, players often volunteer to make the dream come true.

By the time it was being launched, Lion heart was three years in the making; with about one year of scripting, another planning the shoot, a month to shoot and a year in post-production. Though the team was not willing to divulge the full cost of the film, they described it as a passion project that deviated from the traditional Naija movie format to create globally relatable content.

“Lupita is a product of the Kenyan film industry, Shuga put her on the world space,” Andrew explained. “We have the cast and crew required but unfortunately people are not always ready to invest their time unless there’s a budget.”

Ken Waudo is part of Laugh Industries, the production team behind east Africa’s most successful show, “Churchil Show”.

According to him, Kenyan film quality is well above that of its African peers, which is its Achilles heel. The high budgets involved means that film makers are often at the behest of funding bodies, who often have a more humanitarian motive and not mass appeal.

It is for this reason that many Kenyan films make headlines at film festivals and other professional gatherings, but are virtually unknown at home. In contrast, Naija makes many cheap movies which flood the market and with time have gained massive grass roots appeal. He said:

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“Our productions are heavily marketed abroad but very little is done locally, but a few people are already doing their own thing even though the results are yet to be seen. We have the best actors, cinematographers, directors and producers, we just need to market our content better. If we made more noise, we would have more Lion Hearts from Kenya, I encourage Netflix to scout for more productions from Kenya. ”

Possibly the most embattled film makers of Africa, Kenyan players have perpetually complained of government interference.

From stringent licensing, prohibitive regulations that make filming expensive, to a film classification board that has banned several local productions.

Despite these hurdles, film makers continue to churn out impressive Kenyan content that has garnered several awards and mentions.

Even Kenyan actress Lupita Nyong’o managed to bag an Oscar in 2014, and is one of the most celebrated actresses in Hollywood. Though popular and commercially successful, Nigerian movies struggle to win international awards.

David ‘Tosh’ Gitonga has been leading the charge, directing and producing several projects, including the highly acclaimed full feature film, Nairobi Half Life.

Last year he collaborated with various industry players to produce, Disconnect, a film that caused a big buzz in the local industry. He says:

“In East Africa, we struggle to look at film as a serious business. Nigerians adore and consume their own so that makes it commercially viable. We used to laugh at Naija films because they were shady, but they kept at it and kept improving quality to the point that Netflix has taken notice.”

In his estimation, high quality products don’t have a lot of value if not consumed. He admits that Kenyan movies are primarily made for festivals because of the dictates of sponsors.

Nonetheless, various filmmakers continue to produce passion projects with the hope of breaking the mould. The Nigerian strategy to produce low quality but highly popular films seems to be working.

Mass appeal and commercial success has attracted investment which in turn is increasing quality. He holds that a concerted effort to market film, not just in Kenya but across the continent, needs to be made.

With a population of over 1 billion, the African audience would provide a ripe market for Pan-African movies which would easily rival Hollywood. Sighting cultural similarities as a common ground, Tosh is optimistic that Africa is ready for African films.

“I have pitched to Netflix thinking I have the best film they have ever seen and they didn’t even butt an eyelid,” he says “The kind of submissions they get is humbling; people are doing incredible work and we have to compete with the best in the world to secure a spot. Don’t think that you will come up with an idea now and present it to Netflix next week a decent script takes at least a year and another two at production.”



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Sordid tale of the bank ‘that would bribe God’

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Bank of Credit and Commerce International. August 1991. [File, Standard]

“This bank would bribe God.” These words of a former employee of the disgraced Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI) sum up one of the most rotten global financial institutions.
BCCI pitched itself as a top bank for the Third World, but its spectacular collapse would reveal a web of transnational corruption and a playground for dictators, drug lords and terrorists.
It was one of the largest banks cutting across 69 countries and its aftermath would cause despair to innocent depositors, including Kenyans.
BCCI, which had $20 billion (Sh2.1 trillion in today’s exchange rate) assets globally, was revealed to have lost more than its entire capital.
The bank was founded in 1972 by the crafty Pakistani banker Agha Hasan Abedi.
He was loved in his homeland for his charitable acts but would go on to break every rule known to God and man.
In 1991, the Bank of England (BoE) froze its assets, citing large-scale fraud running for several years. This would see the bank cease operations in multiple countries. The Luxembourg-based BCCI was 77 per cent owned by the Gulf Emirate of Abu Dhabi.  
BoE investigations had unearthed laundering of drugs money, terrorism financing and the bank boasted of having high-profile customers such as Panama’s former strongman Manual Noriega as customers.
The Standard, quoting “highly placed” sources reported that Abu Dhabi ruler Sheikh Zayed Sultan would act as guarantor to protect the savings of Kenyan depositors.
The bank had five branches countrywide and panic had gripped depositors on the state of their money.
Central Bank of Kenya (CBK) would then move to appoint a manager to oversee the operations of the BCCI operations in Kenya.
It sent statements assuring depositors that their money was safe.
The Standard reported that the Sheikh would be approaching the Kenyan and other regional subsidiaries of the bank to urge them to maintain operations and assure them of his personal support.
It was said that contact between CBK and Abu Dhabi was “likely.”
This came as the British Ambassador to the UAE Graham Burton implored the gulf state to help compensate Britons, and the Indian government also took similar steps.
The collapse of BCCI was, however, not expect to badly hit the Kenyan banking system. This was during the sleazy 1990s when Kenya’s banking system was badly tested. It was the era of high graft and “political banks,” where the institutions fraudulently lent to firms belonging or connected to politicians, who were sometimes also shareholders.
And even though the impact was expected to be minimal, it was projected that a significant number of depositors would transfer funds from Asian and Arab banks to other local institutions.
“Confidence in Arab banking has taken a serious knock,” the “highly placed” source told The Standard.
BCCI didn’t go down without a fight. It accused the British government of a conspiracy to bring down the Pakistani-run bank.  The Sheikh was said to be furious and would later engage in a protracted legal battle with the British.
“It looks to us like a Western plot to eliminate a successful Muslim-run Third World Bank. We know that it often acted unethically. But that is no excuse for putting it out of business, especially as the Sultan of Abu Dhabi had agreed to a restructuring plan,” said a spokesperson for British Asians.
A CBK statement signed by then-Deputy Governor Wanjohi Murithi said it was keenly monitoring affairs of the mother bank and would go to lengths to protect Kenyan depositors.
“In this respect, the CBK has sought and obtained the assurance of the branch’s management that the interests of depositors are not put at risk by the difficulties facing the parent company and that the bank will meet any withdrawal instructions by depositors in the normal course of business,” said Mr Murithi.
CBK added that it had maintained surveillance of the local branch and was satisfied with its solvency and liquidity.
This was meant to stop Kenyans from making panic withdrawals.
For instance, armed policemen would be deployed at the bank’s Nairobi branch on Koinange Street after the bank had announced it would shut its Kenyan operations.
In Britain, thousands of businesses owned by British Asians were on the verge of financial ruin following the closure of BCCI.
Their firms held almost half of the 120,000 bank accounts registered with BCCI in Britain. 
The African Development Bank was also not spared from this mess, with the bulk of its funds deposited and BCCI and stood to lose every coin.
Criminal culture
In Britain, local authorities from Scotland to the Channel Islands are said to have lost over £100 million (Sh15.2 billion in today’s exchange rate).
The biggest puzzle remained how BCCI was allowed by BoE and other monetary regulation authorities globally to reach such levels of fraudulence.
This was despite the bank being under tight watch owing to the conviction of some of its executives on narcotics laundering charges in the US.
Coast politician, the late Shariff Nassir, would claim that five primary schools in Mombasa lost nearly Sh1 million and appealed to then Education Minister George Saitoti to help recover the savings. Then BoE Governor Robin Leigh-Pemberton condemned it as so deeply immersed in fraud that rescue or recovery – at least in Britain – was out of the question.
“The culture of the bank is criminal,” he said. The bank was revealed to have targeted the Third World and had created several “institutional devices” to promote its operations in developing countries.
These included the Third World Foundation for Social and Economic Studies, a British-registered charity.
“It allowed it to cultivate high-level contacts among international statesmen,” reported The Observer, a British newspaper.
BCCI also arranged an annual Third World lecture and a Third World prize endowment fund of about $10 million (Sh1 billion in today’s exchange rate).
Winners of the annual prize had included Nelson Mandela (1985), sir Bob Geldof (1986) and Archbishop Desmond Tutu (1989).
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Monitor water pumps remotely via your phone

Tracking and monitoring motor vehicles is not new to Kenyans. Competition to install affordable tracking devices is fierce but essential for fleet managers who receive reports online and track vehicles from the comfort of their desk.

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Agricultural Development Corporation Chief Accountant Gerald Karuga on the Spot Over Fraud –

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Gerald Karuga, the acting chief accountant at the Agricultural Development Corporation (ADC), is on the spot over fraud in land dealings.

ADC was established in 1965 through an Act of Parliament Cap 346 to facilitate the land transfer programme from European settlers to locals after Kenya gained independence.

Karuga is under fire for allegedly aiding a former powerful permanent secretary in the KANU era Benjamin Kipkulei to deprive ADC beneficiaries of their land in Naivasha.

Kahawa Tungu understands that the aggrieved parties continue to protest the injustice and are now asking the Ethics and Anti-corruption Commission (EACC) and the Directorate of Criminal Investigations (DCI) to probe Karuga.

A source who spoke to Weekly Citizen publication revealed that Managing Director Mohammed Dulle is also involved in the mess at ADC.

Read: Ministry of Agriculture Apologizes After Sending Out Tweets Portraying the President in bad light

Dulle is accused of sidelining a section of staffers in the parastatal.

The sources at ADC intimated that Karuga has been placed strategically at ADC to safeguard interests of many people who acquired the corporations’ land as “donations” from former President Daniel Arap Moi.

Despite working at ADC for many years Karuga has never been transferred, a trend that has raised eyebrows.

“Karuga has worked here for more than 30 years and unlike other senior officers in other parastatals who are transferred after promotion or moved to different ministries, for him, he has stuck here for all these years and we highly suspect that he is aiding people who were dished out with big chunks of land belonging to the corporation in different parts of the country,” said the source.

In the case of Karuga safeguarding Kipkulei’s interests, workers at the parastatals and the victims who claim to have lost their land in Naivasha revealed that during the Moi regime some senior officials used dubious means to register people as beneficiaries of land without their knowledge and later on colluded with rogue land officials at the Ministry of Lands to acquire title deeds in their names instead of those of the benefactors.

Read Also: Galana Kulalu Irrigation Scheme To Undergo Viability Test Before Being Privatised

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“We have information that Karuga has benefitted much from Kipkulei through helping him and this can be proved by the fact that since the matter of the Naivasha land began, he has been seen changing and buying high-end vehicles that many people of his rank in government can’t afford to buy or maintain,” the source added.

“He is even building a big apartment for rent in Ruiru town.”

The wealthy officer is valued at over Sh1.5 billion in prime properties and real estate.

Last month, more than 100 squatters caused scenes in Naivasha after raiding a private firm owned by Kipkulei.

The squatters, who claimed to have lived on the land for more than 40 years, were protesting take over of the land by a private developer who had allegedly bought the land from the former PS.

They pulled down a three-kilometre fence that the private developed had erected.

The squatters claimed that the former PS had not informed them that he had sold the land and that the developer was spraying harmful chemicals on the grass affecting their livestock and homes built on a section of the land.

Read Also: DP Ruto Wants NCPB And Other Agricultural Bodies Merged For Efficiency

Naivasha Deputy County Commissioner Kisilu Mutua later issued a statement warning the squatters against encroaching on Kipkuleir’s land.

“They are illegally invading private land. We shall not allow the rule of the jungle to take root,” warned Mutua.

Meanwhile, a parliamentary committee recently demanded to know identities of 10 faceless people who grabbed 30,350 acres of land belonging to the parastatal, exposing the rot at the corporation.

ADC Chairman Nick Salat, who doubles up as the KANU party Secretary-General, denied knowledge of the individuals and has asked DCI to probe the matter.

Email your news TIPS to [email protected] or WhatsApp +254708677607. You can also find us on Telegram through www.t.me/kahawatungu

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William Ruto eyes Raila Odinga Nyanza backyard

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Deputy President William Ruto will next month take his ‘hustler nation’ campaigns to his main rival, ODM leader Raila Odinga’s Nyanza backyard, in an escalation of the 2022 General Election competition.

Acrimonious fall-out

Development agenda

Won’t bear fruit

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