Connect with us

Business

Sh8.7 billion for damaged roads shaved from budget

Published

on

Loading...


Economy

Transport Cabinet Secretary James Macharia. FILE PHOTO | NMG 

MPs have removed Sh8.7 billion from the kitty on road repairs occasioned by floods after establishing that there was no clear road map on implementation of the project.

The government had allocated Sh18.7 billion for road repairs following heavy rains between April and July which destroyed infrastructure and displaced families in Tana River, Garissa, Kilifi, Kisumu, Mandera, Isiolo, Turkana, Marsabit, Makueni, and Kitui.

Parliament on Wednesday approved the cuts on the infrastructure rehabilitation budget on projected revenue shortfalls for the year ending June 2019.

“Sh8.7 billion allocated for infrastructure rehabilitation following the damage caused by floods has been deducted and there is no clear road map on how the damaged roads will be handled,” said Kikuyu MP Kimani Ichungwa in the report tabled in Parliament by the Budget and Appropriations Committee on the Supplementary Estimates for 2018/2019 financial year.

Loading...

Mr Ichungwa, who chairs the committee, told the House the committee approved the budget cuts following metrological reports that the country would experience normal short rains.

“Given reports that the October to December short rains could be above normal, roads already damaged by floods may have an even worse outcome,” he said.

The weatherman projects above average rainfall in most parts of the country during the October-December short rains.

The Transport ministry had allocated Sh13.3 billion (of the Sh18.7 billion) to Kenya Rural Roads Authority (Kerra), Sh3.4 billion to Kenya Urban Roads Authority (Kura), and Sh2 billion to the Kenya National Highway Authority (KenHa).

In May, Transport Cabinet Secretary James Macharia said the ministry had deployed engineers to assess all roads and draw a road map on how they will be rehabilitated.

He said repair works will kick off in areas where rain has subsided.



Source link

Loading...
Continue Reading

Business

KRA must ease tax filing to boost revenues

Published

on

Loading...

Nikhil Hira Independent tax consultant and Director Bowmans Coulson Harney (law firm). [Courtesy]

Anyone who has been following Kenya’s budgets over the last few years will recall headlines each year saying that the country has set its largest-ever budget. 

The upcoming 2021/22 fiscal year is no exception, with Treasury Cabinet Secretary Ukur Yatani announcing a budget of Sh3.6 trillion – yes, the biggest ever! A little over Sh2 trillion will come from government revenues, with approximately Sh1.8 trillion of this from tax revenues. 

The balance will be borrowed – another common feature of the last few years. 

This year’s budget comes amidst an economic crisis brought on by the Covid-19 pandemic, with the inherent assumption that the pandemic will come to an end before the start of the next financial year. 

Given surges in infections that are being seen globally, and indeed in Kenya, this assumption may well be the deal-breaker. 

The Ministry of Health has already said that Kenya may see another wave of infections in July, fuelled by the Indian variant. This could result in more lockdowns with the associated impact on the economy and indeed revenue collections. The lack of vaccines is an issue that the government must address as a matter of great urgency if the country is to get through the pandemic without further economic woes. 

While deficits in government budgets are not uncommon, Kenya seems to be annually widening the gap between expenditure and revenues. 

If one applies this model to their household budget, the upshot will almost certainly be bankruptcy. 

Take a quick survey and help us improve our website!

Take a survey

What is actually required is curtailing recurring government expenditures, which is something that the government has acknowledged in the past with proposed austerity measures. 

The reality is that Kenya has not succeeded in doing this, and the pressure on revenue collection is exacerbated. 

Loading...

When you add to the high level of wastage and corruption we are witnessing, the deficit will almost certainly continue to widen. 

The responsibility for tax collection and enforcement lies with the Kenya Revenue Authority better (KRA). 

There is no doubt that the authority has improved significantly in this task since it was set up in 1995. 

The taxman estimates that 4.4 million tax returns were filed by June 30 last year, up from 3.6 million in the previous year.  While this is a significant improvement, when compared to the country’s population, this number of returns seems unusually low. 

The increase in the number of tax returns, is to a large extent, due to the online reporting system, iTax, and a major push by KRA through taxpayer education.

There is no doubt that the online system has made filing tax returns significantly easier and gone are the large queues of people witnessed at Times Tower on deadline day. 

That said, there is still much to be done to make filing returns a seamless and painless exercise. 

System downtime during filing periods is something that all of us will have experienced, although, in typical Kenyan fashion, we inevitably wait until the last day to file our returns as we do with most things! 

The spreadsheet that one uses to file a return is by no means the simplest to use.  One key issue seems to be that taxpayers are not alerted to changes in the model until they try to upload a return. 

The spreadsheet does not allow one to make it more relevant to their sources of income – in essence, it is too rigid and inflexible. KRA should be able to rectify this without too much effort.

Last year was unusual in that different rates of tax were applicable in the first quarter as compared to the rest of the year.  This followed the Covid-19 relief measures that were introduced in April 2020. 

There was much debate about whether the changes were meant to apply for the whole year or whether some form of apportionment was needed. 

In the end, the decision was made for apportionment. One can argue about what the correct treatment should be, but the issue was how long it took for the decision to be made and, indeed, to amend the iTax system. 

The age-old notion has always been that the more complex and difficult it is to file a tax return, the more likely it will be that taxpayers simply won’t file their returns. While the issue with the system has been resolved, there is an inherent administrative issue here that must be addressed. 

KRA has to be significantly more proactive in dealing with changes in rates and law to ensure the least inconvenience to taxpayers. 

The writer, Nikhil Hira, is the Director of Bowmans Kenya.

The views expressed in this article are the author’s and not necessarily those of Bowmans Kenya  

Loading...
Continue Reading

Business

The age of gentrification is truly upon our country

Published

on

Loading...

Never mind the businessmen outside Nairobi could be richer. Rural folks aspire to one day moved to a new county (city).

Loading...
Continue Reading

Business

The rise and fall of Trade Bank: A tale of the sleazy 90s

Published

on

Loading...

It is where titans such as Equity Group boss James Mwangi, who now oversees an over Sh1 trillion asset-rich bank, cut their teeth.

Loading...
Continue Reading
Advertisement
Loading...
Advertisement
Loading...

Trending