So, why did Tanzania’s ruling CCM attend a meeting of former liberation movements?
Answered simply, the reply would be, because Chama cha Mapinduzi once considered itself to be a liberation movement, the soulmate of such organisations as the ANC of South Africa, Frelimo of Mozambique, the MPLA of Angola and the Zanu/Zapu Patriotic Front (Zimbabwe).
This fact had its history. Tanzania was in love with liberation, quite literally. The nation’s founder, one Julius Kambarage Nyerere, was a liberation fighter who gave unwavering support to these movements, who were allowed to set up training camps around Tanzania, and who were accorded not only material support but also diplomatic solidarity in international fora.
A few years before the Independence of Tanganyika, Nyerere made a public declaration in which he stated his desire to light a torch and place it atop Mount Kilimanjaro “to shine without our borders and bring hope where there is despair, love where there is hate, and dignity where there is spite” (my own loose translation).
This was a declaration of war against colonial rule, especially in southern Africa, where white minority rule looked like it would never end and where apartheid had put down its evil roots. It was thus that Tanganyika, and later Tanzania, became the first destination, and home, for all those fleeing white supremacist regimes.
But that hospitality was not limited to African fighters. There were fugitives from the Black Panther movement and the Tupamaros of Uruguay, because the mantra then was “Freedom is indivisible; it is either everywhere or it is nowhere.” For all his faults, Nyerere was the benefactor-in-chief of all who sought justice in their countries.
And that is why he was among the first African leaders to recognise the Palestine Liberation Organisation, going on to become a close friend of its leader “Abu Ammar” Yasser Arafat, who visited Tanzania quite often.
That was the Tanzania of then, and those of us who had the luck to travel widely across the world as young men and women found great pride in acknowledging the badge of honour of “liberators” wherever we went. I personally made lifelong friends among the freedom fighters with whom I collaborated in various fora.
But now I ask the question posted above, because today’s Tanzania has nothing to do with liberation in any sense of that word, and has in fact shifted its position to align itself with oppressive states that ride roughshod over our brothers and sisters.
I am talking of the new-fangled “friendship” with the kingdom of Morocco, to the detriment of the people of Western Sahara, and with the Zionist state of Israel, at the price of abandoning the suffering people of Palestine.
Now, I just happen to be a firm believer in the importance of constancy in whatever one does. The antonym of constancy is inconstancy. One of the dictionaries I consult often defines inconstancy as disloyalty, faithlessness, falseness, falsity, infidelity, perfidiousness, perfidy, unfaithfulness… These are all ugly words, words we should hate being associated with.
So, why did our ruling party decide last month to attend a meeting in Namibia called to bring together the secretaries general of former liberation movements in southern Africa?
I honestly cannot fathom the significance or utility of such a gathering, unless it was called for the purpose of reminiscing about the good fight fought some decades ago, and saying how great they feel about having made those great sacrifices.
But yes, perhaps there was a real purpose. Before they attained Independence (and democracy for South Africa), all these countries (South Africa, Namibia, Angola, Zimbabwe and Mozambique) were in the same boat as PLO and the Polisario Front of Western Sahara, and they used to give each other mutual solidarity and support.
So it is natural that they gather from time to express ongoing solidarity with comrades who are still under the yoke of occupation, by Israel and Morocco.
When that issue came up, the envoy of our ruling party, realising he had gone to the wrong gathering, decided to do the unthinkable (for those who were observing him) and express his reservations when the resolution of the meeting “reiterated their support and solidarity for the people of Palestine and Western Sahara in their struggle for self-determination and independence.” The report goes on to say, quite simply, “The reservation by CCM was noted.”
Jenerali Ulimwengu is chairman of the board of the Raia Mwema newspaper and an advocate of the High Court in Dar es Salaam. E-mail: [email protected]
Public officers above 58 years and with pre-existing conditions told to work from home: The Standard
Head of Public Service Joseph Kinyua. [File, Standard]
In a document from Head of Public Service, Joseph Kinyua new measure have been outlined to curb the bulging spread of covid-19. Public officers with underlying health conditions and those who are over 58 years -a group that experts have classified as most vulnerable to the virus will be required to execute their duties from home.
However, the new rule excluded personnel in the security sector and other critical and essential services.
“All State and public officers with pre-existing medical conditions and/or aged 58 years and above serving in CSG5 (job group ‘S’) and below or their equivalents should forthwith work from home,” read the document,” read the document.
To ensure that those working from home deliver, the Public Service directs that there be clear assignments and targets tasked for the period designated and a clear reporting line to monitor and review work done.
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Others measures outlined in the document include the provision of personal protective equipment to staff, provision of sanitizers and access to washing facilities fitted with soap and water, temperature checks for all staff and clients entering public offices regular fumigation of office premises and vehicles and minimizing of visitors except by prior appointments.
Officers who contract the virus and come back to work after quarantine or isolation period will be required to follow specific directives such as obtaining clearance from the isolation facility certified by the designated persons indicating that the public officer is free and safe from Covid-19. The officer will also be required to stay away from duty station for a period of seven days after the date of medical certification.
“The period a public officer spends in quarantine or isolation due to Covid-19, shall be treated as sick leave and shall be subject to the Provisions of the Human Resource Policy and procedures Manual for the Public Service(May,2016),” read the document.
The service has also made discrimination and stigmatization an offence and has guaranteed those affected with the virus to receive adequate access to mental health and psychosocial supported offered by the government.
The new directives targeting the Public Services come at a time when Kenyans have increasingly shown lack of strict observance of the issued guidelines even as the number of positive Covid-19 cases skyrocket to 13,771 and leaving 238 dead as of today.
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Principal Secretaries/ Accounting Officers will be personally responsible for effective enforcement and compliance of the current guidelines and any future directives issued to mitigate the spread of Covid-19.
Uhuru convenes summit to review rising Covid-19 cases: The Standard
President Uhuru Kenyatta (pictured) will on Friday, July 24, meet governors following the ballooning Covid-19 infections in recent days.
The session will among other things review the efficacy of the containment measures in place and review the impact of the phased easing of the restrictions, State House said in a statement.
This story is being updated.
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Drastic life changes affecting mental health
Kenya has been ranked 6th among African countries with the highest cases of depression, this has triggered anxiety by the World Health Organization (WHO), with 1.9 million people suffering from a form of mental conditions such as depression, substance abuse.
Globally, one in four people is affected by mental or neurological disorders at some point in their lives, this is according to the WHO.
Currently, around 450 million people suffer from such conditions, placing mental disorders among the leading causes of ill-health and disability worldwide.
The pandemic has also been known to cause significant distress, mostly affecting the state of one’s mental well-being.
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With the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic attributed to the novel Coronavirus disease, millions have been affected globally with over 14 million infections and half a million deaths as to date. This has brought about uncertainty coupled with difficult situations, including job loss and the risk of contracting the deadly virus.
In Kenya the first Coronavirus case was reported in Nairobi by the Ministry of Health on the 12th March 2020. It was not until the government put in place precautionary measures including a curfew and lockdown (the latter having being lifted) due to an increase in the number of infections that people began feeling its effect both economically and socially.
A study by Dr. Habil Otanga, a Lecturer at the University of Nairobi, Department of Psychology says that such measures can in turn lead to surge in mental related illnesses including depression, feelings of confusion, anger and fear, and even substance abuse. It also brings with it a sense of boredom, loneliness, anger, isolation and frustration. In the post-quarantine/isolation period, loss of employment due to the depressed economy and the stigma around the disease are also likely to lead to mental health problems.
The Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) states that at least 300,000 Kenyans have lost their jobs due to the Coronavirus pandemic between the period of January and March this year.
KNBC noted that the number of employed Kenyans plunged to 17.8 million as of March from 18.1 million people as compared to last year in December. The Report states that the unemployment rate in Kenya stands at 13.7 per cent as of March this year while it stood 12.4 per cent in December 2019.
Mama T (not her real name) is among millions of Kenyans who have been affected by containment measures put in place to curb the spread of the virus, either by losing their source of income or having to work under tough guidelines put in place by the MOH.
As young mother and an event organizer, she has found it hard to explain to her children why they cannot go to school or socialize freely with their peers as before.
“Sometimes it gets difficult as they do not understand what is happening due to their age, this at times becomes hard on me as they often think I am punishing them,”
Her contract was put on hold as no event or public gatherings can take place due to the pandemic. This has brought other challenges along with it, as she has to find means of fending for her family expenditures that including rent and food.
“I often wake up in the middle of the night with worries about my next move as the pandemic does not exhibit any signs of easing up,” she says. She adds that she has been forced to sort for manual jobs to keep her family afloat.
Ms. Mary Wahome, a Counseling Psychologist and Programs Director at ‘The Reason to Hope,’ in Karen, Nairobi says that such kind of drastic life changes have an adverse effect on one’s mental status including their family members and if not addressed early can lead to depression among other issues.
“We have had cases of people indulging in substance abuse to deal with the uncertainty and stress brought about by the pandemic, this in turn leads to dependence and also domestic abuse,”
Sam Njoroge , a waiter at a local hotel in Kiambu, has found himself indulging in substance abuse due to challenges he is facing after the hotel he was working in was closed down as it has not yet met the standards required by the MOH to open.
“My day starts at 6am where I go to a local pub, here I can get a drink for as little as Sh30, It makes me suppress the frustration I feel.” he says.
Sam is among the many who have found themselves in the same predicament and resulted to substance abuse finding ways to beat strict measures put in place by the government on the sale of alcohol so as to cope.
Mary says, situations like Sam’s are dangerous and if not addressed early can lead to serious complications, including addiction and dependency, violent behavior and also early death due to health complications.
She has, however, lauded the government for encouraging mental wellness and also launching the Psychological First Aid (PFA) guide in the wake of the virus putting emphasis on the three action principal of look, listen and link. “When we follow this it will be easy to identify an individual in distress and also offer assistance”.
Mary has urged anyone feeling the weight of the virus taking a toll on them not to hesitate but look for someone to talk to.
“You should not only seek help from a specialist but also talk to a friend, let them know what you are undergoing and how you feel, this will help ease their emotional stress and also find ways of dealing with the situation they are facing,” She added
Mary continued to stress on the need to perform frequent body exercises as a form of stress relief, reading and also taking advantage of this unfortunate COVID-19 period to engage in hobbies and talent development.
“Let people take this as an opportunity to kip fit, get in touch with one’s inner self and also engage in reading that would help expand their knowledge.