Around this time of the year, it is customary for publications, be they newspapers or newsmagazines, to name the person who, in their collective wisdom, they consider to have contributed most to their country’s well-being be it in politics, constitutionalism, jurisprudence, economic management, arts, athletics, innovation, entrepreneurship, and so on. The judgement to that end is usually subjective, and on many occasions, half of the readers quarrel with the choice, while the other half nods in complete agreement.
However, it is rare for individual columnists to pick the person who, in their view, has helped chart the destiny of their country in a significant manner. I intend to do so today, and if I offend anybody’s sensibilities, I seek their indulgence. The man of the year 2018 is, in my opinion, ODM leader Raila Amolo Odinga. His handshake with President Uhuru Kenyatta on March 9 this year changed, and possibly saved, this country, but more on that later. Before that, it is necessary to recognise the efforts of three other individuals who could also, one day, make it to the hall of fame.
Those who immediately come to mind are Interior Cabinet Secretary Fred Matiang’i and his sidekicks in the ongoing effort to root out corruption — the Director of Criminal Investigations, Mr George Kinoti, and the Director of Public Prosecutions, Mr Noordin Haji. These last two are easy to dismiss right now because they are a work in progress so to speak, and their contribution has not borne much fruit so far despite working diligently to have corrupt ne’er-do-wells incarcerated.
However, the creature known as due diligence in legal jargon has become a formidable hindrance to their efforts. Nothing much can be done about it though, because ours is a democracy where the rule of law must always obtain. In short, since very few of the most notorious lords of corruption have been punished so far, the two gentlemen cannot be granted the accolade of “Men of the Year”. More is the pity.
The same thing should be said of Dr Matiang’i. This robust minister who rarely smiles came into the public limelight when he wrestled to the ground three mighty media houses — the Nation Media Group, the Royal Media Services and the Standard Group — over the issue of digital migration by their respective television networks. It so happened that the deadline for the worldwide switch from analogue to digital had approached, but the media houses were loath to lose their investments in infrastructure and wanted a gradual process. But ICT minister Matiang’i would hear none of it.
He was to become equally adamant in the Education ministry and clean up an examination system that had become a scandal. This was when he instituted tough rules to curb the rampant national exam cheating which had turned into a cruel joke. The situation had become so bad that complete dunderheads were transiting to secondary school and to university. He put a stop to it. Today, runaway exam cheating is unheard of.
However, of more importance in this discourse is what he has done this year. Dr Matiang’i was appointed acting Interior Cabinet Secretary after the death of Mr Joseph Nkaissery on July 8, 2017. His appointment a month from the August 25 General Election came in the middle of protests by the opposition against the electoral commission which was deemed to have been compromised. He responded vigorously through the liberal use of tear gas and water-cannons.
He was to fall afoul of the opposition even more when he was confirmed as Interior minister in January amid continued protests by the opposition over disputed elections. The persistent crisis came to a head when elements in the opposition decided to swear in Mr Odinga as the “people’s president” on January 30. A great deal had gone on before that, including a disputed election which was eventually nullified by the Supreme Court, a repeat election which was boycotted by the opposition, and a general ferment which had by then made the country almost ungovernable.
Besides the President, the doyen of the opposition has received more media coverage than anyone else in Kenya. What must be said is that Mr Odinga commands such a loyal following that to try and wish him out of Kenya’s politics any time soon as some are doing out of fear, would be unwise. Indeed, when the record of Kenya’s socio-political and economic reforms is written, he will have already earned his rightful place in history. His change from a leader who, in many eyes, always symbolised agitation and chaos to a statesman, has been nothing but remarkable. He has helped transform this country through negotiations and compromise with President Kenyatta and now Kenyans are more at peace with themselves than they have ever been in the past.
Public officers above 58 years and with pre-existing conditions told to work from home: The Standard
Head of Public Service Joseph Kinyua. [File, Standard]
In a document from Head of Public Service, Joseph Kinyua new measure have been outlined to curb the bulging spread of covid-19. Public officers with underlying health conditions and those who are over 58 years -a group that experts have classified as most vulnerable to the virus will be required to execute their duties from home.
However, the new rule excluded personnel in the security sector and other critical and essential services.
“All State and public officers with pre-existing medical conditions and/or aged 58 years and above serving in CSG5 (job group ‘S’) and below or their equivalents should forthwith work from home,” read the document,” read the document.
To ensure that those working from home deliver, the Public Service directs that there be clear assignments and targets tasked for the period designated and a clear reporting line to monitor and review work done.
SEE ALSO: Thinking inside the cardboard box for post-lockdown work stations
Others measures outlined in the document include the provision of personal protective equipment to staff, provision of sanitizers and access to washing facilities fitted with soap and water, temperature checks for all staff and clients entering public offices regular fumigation of office premises and vehicles and minimizing of visitors except by prior appointments.
Officers who contract the virus and come back to work after quarantine or isolation period will be required to follow specific directives such as obtaining clearance from the isolation facility certified by the designated persons indicating that the public officer is free and safe from Covid-19. The officer will also be required to stay away from duty station for a period of seven days after the date of medical certification.
“The period a public officer spends in quarantine or isolation due to Covid-19, shall be treated as sick leave and shall be subject to the Provisions of the Human Resource Policy and procedures Manual for the Public Service(May,2016),” read the document.
The service has also made discrimination and stigmatization an offence and has guaranteed those affected with the virus to receive adequate access to mental health and psychosocial supported offered by the government.
The new directives targeting the Public Services come at a time when Kenyans have increasingly shown lack of strict observance of the issued guidelines even as the number of positive Covid-19 cases skyrocket to 13,771 and leaving 238 dead as of today.
SEE ALSO: Working from home could be blessing in disguise for persons with disabilities
Principal Secretaries/ Accounting Officers will be personally responsible for effective enforcement and compliance of the current guidelines and any future directives issued to mitigate the spread of Covid-19.
Uhuru convenes summit to review rising Covid-19 cases: The Standard
President Uhuru Kenyatta (pictured) will on Friday, July 24, meet governors following the ballooning Covid-19 infections in recent days.
The session will among other things review the efficacy of the containment measures in place and review the impact of the phased easing of the restrictions, State House said in a statement.
This story is being updated.
SEE ALSO: Sakaja resigns from Covid-19 Senate committee, in court tomorrow
Drastic life changes affecting mental health
Kenya has been ranked 6th among African countries with the highest cases of depression, this has triggered anxiety by the World Health Organization (WHO), with 1.9 million people suffering from a form of mental conditions such as depression, substance abuse.
Globally, one in four people is affected by mental or neurological disorders at some point in their lives, this is according to the WHO.
Currently, around 450 million people suffer from such conditions, placing mental disorders among the leading causes of ill-health and disability worldwide.
The pandemic has also been known to cause significant distress, mostly affecting the state of one’s mental well-being.
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With the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic attributed to the novel Coronavirus disease, millions have been affected globally with over 14 million infections and half a million deaths as to date. This has brought about uncertainty coupled with difficult situations, including job loss and the risk of contracting the deadly virus.
In Kenya the first Coronavirus case was reported in Nairobi by the Ministry of Health on the 12th March 2020. It was not until the government put in place precautionary measures including a curfew and lockdown (the latter having being lifted) due to an increase in the number of infections that people began feeling its effect both economically and socially.
A study by Dr. Habil Otanga, a Lecturer at the University of Nairobi, Department of Psychology says that such measures can in turn lead to surge in mental related illnesses including depression, feelings of confusion, anger and fear, and even substance abuse. It also brings with it a sense of boredom, loneliness, anger, isolation and frustration. In the post-quarantine/isolation period, loss of employment due to the depressed economy and the stigma around the disease are also likely to lead to mental health problems.
The Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) states that at least 300,000 Kenyans have lost their jobs due to the Coronavirus pandemic between the period of January and March this year.
KNBC noted that the number of employed Kenyans plunged to 17.8 million as of March from 18.1 million people as compared to last year in December. The Report states that the unemployment rate in Kenya stands at 13.7 per cent as of March this year while it stood 12.4 per cent in December 2019.
Mama T (not her real name) is among millions of Kenyans who have been affected by containment measures put in place to curb the spread of the virus, either by losing their source of income or having to work under tough guidelines put in place by the MOH.
As young mother and an event organizer, she has found it hard to explain to her children why they cannot go to school or socialize freely with their peers as before.
“Sometimes it gets difficult as they do not understand what is happening due to their age, this at times becomes hard on me as they often think I am punishing them,”
Her contract was put on hold as no event or public gatherings can take place due to the pandemic. This has brought other challenges along with it, as she has to find means of fending for her family expenditures that including rent and food.
“I often wake up in the middle of the night with worries about my next move as the pandemic does not exhibit any signs of easing up,” she says. She adds that she has been forced to sort for manual jobs to keep her family afloat.
Ms. Mary Wahome, a Counseling Psychologist and Programs Director at ‘The Reason to Hope,’ in Karen, Nairobi says that such kind of drastic life changes have an adverse effect on one’s mental status including their family members and if not addressed early can lead to depression among other issues.
“We have had cases of people indulging in substance abuse to deal with the uncertainty and stress brought about by the pandemic, this in turn leads to dependence and also domestic abuse,”
Sam Njoroge , a waiter at a local hotel in Kiambu, has found himself indulging in substance abuse due to challenges he is facing after the hotel he was working in was closed down as it has not yet met the standards required by the MOH to open.
“My day starts at 6am where I go to a local pub, here I can get a drink for as little as Sh30, It makes me suppress the frustration I feel.” he says.
Sam is among the many who have found themselves in the same predicament and resulted to substance abuse finding ways to beat strict measures put in place by the government on the sale of alcohol so as to cope.
Mary says, situations like Sam’s are dangerous and if not addressed early can lead to serious complications, including addiction and dependency, violent behavior and also early death due to health complications.
She has, however, lauded the government for encouraging mental wellness and also launching the Psychological First Aid (PFA) guide in the wake of the virus putting emphasis on the three action principal of look, listen and link. “When we follow this it will be easy to identify an individual in distress and also offer assistance”.
Mary has urged anyone feeling the weight of the virus taking a toll on them not to hesitate but look for someone to talk to.
“You should not only seek help from a specialist but also talk to a friend, let them know what you are undergoing and how you feel, this will help ease their emotional stress and also find ways of dealing with the situation they are facing,” She added
Mary continued to stress on the need to perform frequent body exercises as a form of stress relief, reading and also taking advantage of this unfortunate COVID-19 period to engage in hobbies and talent development.
“Let people take this as an opportunity to kip fit, get in touch with one’s inner self and also engage in reading that would help expand their knowledge.