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MWATHANE: The good, bad and ugly news that defined land sector in 2018

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By IBRAHIM MWATHANE
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Like elsewhere, Kenya’s news industry usually drives on the maxim of “now and topical”. So it becomes quite easy to forget the key stories and developments that inform the various sectors every year. Some happen silently but greatly impact on history, policy and practice; some are dramatic and quite newsworthy but with little policy or legal impact; and others that are mundane but affect many land owners and service seekers. Let’s look at what informed Kenya’s land sector in the year 2018.

The year opened with a call by Cabinet Secretary Prof Jacob Kaimenyi for Parliament to expedite the enactment of regulations to the new land laws. These regulations were approved by parliament later in April and are critical for the operationalisation of the new legislation. In February, Prof Kaimenyi left office and was replaced by Farida Karoney.

Early 2018 also carried reports on invasions of ILRI land in Athi River in Machakos County. Stories on land invasions in Mavoko, Nairobi and the coast, among other places, made diverse news in 2018. Invasions of private and public land violate the constitutional protection of land rights, and remain a major threat to land tenure security for private land owners. They call for systematic policy attention.

The effort by the Ministry to digitise land records has been big news throughout the year. The Ministry made early efforts to even provide the public with elaborate details on how to make online land rent payments. Some aspects of this digitisation initiative informed the closure of some land records and registry offices within the year. But attempts to institute electronic conveyancing suffered setback when the Law Society of Kenya obtained a court order against it, citing process fears. A Task Force to look into the matter and make recommendations was subsequently appointed. Its report remains eagerly awaited.

January and February also saw the Ministry launch interventions on Embakasi Ranching Company, with directives that the company reduces fees for plot beneficiaries so that the preparation of leases could be fast-tracked. These are yet to be issued. Indeed, the Ministry embarked on an aggressive countrywide programme to issue title deeds and leases. Some of the counties that have benefitted or may soon benefit from this titling programme include Nairobi, Nakuru, Siaya, Meru, Embu, Narok, Isiolo and Laikipia. One hopes that the initiative is continued until all the problematic company and cooperative farms around the country issue title deeds to their legitimate members.

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Stories on the land commission made big news. The good and the bad! Its ongoing initiative to survey and issue title deeds to schools, if successful, will be good, given its net effect to the protection of land for public schools in Kenya. The recovery of grabbed land has been good news. But we were also treated to calls for the disbandment of the commission by Chief Assistant Secretary Gideon Mung’aro. Governor Amason Kingi and some land sector civil society groups also made similar calls. The Ruaraka land compensation saga, along with SGR, impacted very negatively on the commission. But it is the arrests of the commission chair, chief executive officer and some senior officers that perhaps inflicted the greatest damage to the commission’s public image and trust.

Other issues that defined the sector in 2018 included the suspension of the Mwea land allocation scheme in Embu following violent confrontations between beneficiaries and some residents of the area who felt left out in the allocations. This matter remains in limbo as the year ends. Land fraud in various parts of Kenya formed a big story throughout the year. This matter calls for structured and systematic attention by authorities. The Ministry also held hearings on its 2018/19 budget projections. Land sector stakeholders will need to come up with structured mechanisms in order to be able to influence these projections at inception and not at this late stage. Their expert inputs could help a great deal.

The demolition of properties encroaching on riparian land made news for long. Demolitions of dwellings in Nyama Villa in Kayole, allegedly for encroaching on private land, saw the government suspend all demolitions countrywide.

The story of demolitions has been hard for land owners, developers, tenants and even the government itself. Emotional suffering, loss of capital, confusion on roles and place of institutions and professionals in approvals and construction processes will need to be contended with. We also experienced state driven evictions of settlers in Mau Forest within 2018. Very volatile politics followed this intervention.

The extension of leases for tea farms, Del Monte and Kakuzi also informed sectoral news. This very important matter needs careful handling along with good political and policy guidance.

But 2018 closes with internal squabbles in the land commission, and the alleged loss of its compensation-data holding computer.



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Public officers above 58 years and with pre-existing conditions told to work from home: The Standard

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Head of Public Service Joseph Kinyua. [File, Standard]
In a document from Head of Public Service, Joseph Kinyua new measure have been outlined to curb the bulging spread of covid-19. Public officers with underlying health conditions and those who are over 58 years -a group that experts have classified as most vulnerable to the virus will be required to execute their duties from home.

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However, the new rule excluded personnel in the security sector and other critical and essential services.
“All State and public officers with pre-existing medical conditions and/or aged 58 years and above serving in CSG5 (job group ‘S’) and below or their equivalents should forthwith work from home,” read the document,” read the document.
To ensure that those working from home deliver, the Public Service directs that there be clear assignments and targets tasked for the period designated and a clear reporting line to monitor and review work done.
SEE ALSO: Thinking inside the cardboard box for post-lockdown work stations
Others measures outlined in the document include the provision of personal protective equipment to staff, provision of sanitizers and access to washing facilities fitted with soap and water, temperature checks for all staff and clients entering public offices regular fumigation of office premises and vehicles and minimizing of visitors except by prior appointments.
Officers who contract the virus and come back to work after quarantine or isolation period will be required to follow specific directives such as obtaining clearance from the isolation facility certified by the designated persons indicating that the public officer is free and safe from Covid-19. The officer will also be required to stay away from duty station for a period of seven days after the date of medical certification.
“The period a public officer spends in quarantine or isolation due to Covid-19, shall be treated as sick leave and shall be subject to the Provisions of the Human Resource Policy and procedures Manual for the Public Service(May,2016),” read the document.
The service has also made discrimination and stigmatization an offence and has guaranteed those affected with the virus to receive adequate access to mental health and psychosocial supported offered by the government.
The new directives targeting the Public Services come at a time when Kenyans have increasingly shown lack of strict observance of the issued guidelines even as the number of positive Covid-19 cases skyrocket to 13,771 and leaving 238 dead as of today.
SEE ALSO: Working from home could be blessing in disguise for persons with disabilities
Principal Secretaries/ Accounting Officers will be personally responsible for effective enforcement and compliance of the current guidelines and any future directives issued to mitigate the spread of Covid-19.

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Uhuru convenes summit to review rising Covid-19 cases: The Standard

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President Uhuru Kenyatta (pictured) will on Friday, July 24, meet governors following the ballooning Covid-19 infections in recent days.
The session will among other things review the efficacy of the containment measures in place and review the impact of the phased easing of the restrictions, State House said in a statement.
This story is being updated.
SEE ALSO: Sakaja resigns from Covid-19 Senate committee, in court tomorrow

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Drastic life changes affecting mental health

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Kenya has been ranked 6th among African countries with the highest cases of depression, this has triggered anxiety by the World Health Organization (WHO), with 1.9 million people suffering from a form of mental conditions such as depression, substance abuse.

KBC Radio_KICD Timetable

Globally, one in four people is affected by mental or neurological disorders at some point in their lives, this is according to the WHO.

Currently, around 450 million people suffer from such conditions, placing mental disorders among the leading causes of ill-health and disability worldwide.

The pandemic has also been known to cause significant distress, mostly affecting the state of one’s mental well-being.

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With the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic attributed to the novel Coronavirus disease, millions have been affected globally with over 14 million infections and half a million deaths as to date. This has brought about uncertainty coupled with difficult situations, including job loss and the risk of contracting the deadly virus.

In Kenya the first Coronavirus case was reported in Nairobi by the Ministry of Health on the 12th March 2020.  It was not until the government put in place precautionary measures including a curfew and lockdown (the latter having being lifted) due to an increase in the number of infections that people began feeling its effect both economically and socially.

A study by Dr. Habil Otanga,  a Lecturer at the University of Nairobi, Department of Psychology says  that such measures can in turn lead to surge in mental related illnesses including depression, feelings of confusion, anger and fear, and even substance abuse. It also brings with it a sense of boredom, loneliness, anger, isolation and frustration. In the post-quarantine/isolation period, loss of employment due to the depressed economy and the stigma around the disease are also likely to lead to mental health problems.

The Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) states that at least 300,000 Kenyans have lost their jobs due to the Coronavirus pandemic between the period of January and March this year.

KNBC noted that the number of employed Kenyans plunged to 17.8 million as of March from 18.1 million people as compared to last year in December. The Report states that the unemployment rate in Kenya stands at 13.7 per cent as of March this year while it stood 12.4 per cent in December 2019.

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Mama T (not her real name) is among millions of Kenyans who have been affected by containment measures put in place to curb the spread of the virus, either by losing their source of income or having to work under tough guidelines put in place by the MOH.

As young mother and an event organizer, she has found it hard to explain to her children why they cannot go to school or socialize freely with their peers as before.

“Sometimes it gets difficult as they do not understand what is happening due to their age, this at times becomes hard on me as they often think I am punishing them,”

Her contract was put on hold as no event or public gatherings can take place due to the pandemic. This has brought other challenges along with it, as she has to find means of fending for her family expenditures that including rent and food.

“I often wake up in the middle of the night with worries about my next move as the pandemic does not exhibit any signs of easing up,” she says. She adds that she has been forced to sort for manual jobs to keep her family afloat.

Ms. Mary Wahome, a Counseling Psychologist and Programs Director at ‘The Reason to Hope,’ in Karen, Nairobi says that such kind of drastic life changes have an adverse effect on one’s mental status including their family members and if not addressed early can lead to depression among other issues.

“We have had cases of people indulging in substance abuse to deal with the uncertainty and stress brought about by the pandemic, this in turn leads to dependence and also domestic abuse,”

Sam Njoroge , a waiter at a local hotel in Kiambu, has found himself indulging in substance abuse due to challenges he is facing after the hotel he was working in was closed down as it has not yet met the standards required by the MOH to open.

“My day starts at 6am where I go to a local pub, here I can get a drink for as little as Sh30, It makes me suppress the frustration I feel.” he says.

Sam is among the many who have found themselves in the same predicament and resulted to substance abuse finding ways to beat strict measures put in place by the government on the sale of alcohol so as to cope.

Mary says, situations like Sam’s are dangerous and if not addressed early can lead to serious complications, including addiction and dependency, violent behavior and also early death due to health complications.

She has, however, lauded the government for encouraging mental wellness and also launching the Psychological First Aid (PFA) guide in the wake of the virus putting emphasis on the three action principal of look, listen and link. “When we follow this it will be easy to identify an individual in distress and also offer assistance”.

Mary has urged anyone feeling the weight of the virus taking a toll on them not to hesitate but look for someone to talk to.

“You should not only seek help from a specialist but also talk to a friend, let them know what you are undergoing and how you feel, this will help ease their emotional stress and also find ways of dealing with the situation they are facing,” She added

Mary continued to stress on the need to perform frequent body exercises as a form of stress relief, reading and also taking advantage of this unfortunate COVID-19 period to engage in hobbies and talent development.

“Let people take this as an opportunity to kip fit, get in touch with one’s inner self and  also engage in   reading that would  help expand their knowledge.

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