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How Samburu, Pokot youth tackle ethnic strife

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By MUCHEMI WACHIRA
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The day did not turn out to be an exciting one as Baraka Lolmodooni would have expected when his friend failed to turn up.

They were to jointly receive a heifer with Wilson Kokoyo. The two young men, who are to progress to Form Two in January, were in a group of 100-plus other youths from the Samburu and Pokot communities who had gathered to celebrate six years of friendship and signify the end of another year of peaceful co-existence between the two warring groups.

In their primary school days, the 17-year-olds would never fail to visit each other during school holidays, spending part of the vacation in either of the other’s home.

This is part of an initiative in which school children are used to promote peace between their warring communities.

They come together to build friendship while in school. Eventually, the peace networks are extended to their family members and other people in their respective communities.

“We learnt that children are honest with each other. They are sincere, not like adults who you cannot use to achieve peace,” Mr Hilary Halkano, Children Peace Initiative (CPI) Kenya CEO, pointed out.

He said they first formed peace clubs in primary schools in different parts of pastoralists’ communities in North Rift region and other parts of Northern Kenya.

It is through these clubs that Baraka and Wilson, who were studying at neighbouring primary schools, met. They would visit each other and share their problems through letters.

The boys have maintained their friendship after joining secondary school.

CPI-Kenya had organised a ceremony at Plesian Primary School to mark the end of another year of friendship for 102 Samburu and Pokot families.

The occasion was at Amaiya location, which is on the border of Samburu and Baringo counties. Dubbed “Heifers for Peace”, the families had been grouped in twosomes with each of the 51 pairs receiving a heifer.

A heifer, according to Mr Halkano, is meant to strengthen the bond that has existed between the families.

“One family received the heifer on behalf of the other. They will look after the animal and once it gives birth to an offspring, it will be given to the other family. This is how they strengthen the bond as there’s already a shared responsibility,” he explained.

Baraka, a Samburu, is the one who was receiving the heifer on behalf of his colleague from the Pokot community. Unfortunately Wilson and his mother were absent. This left his colleague, who had been accompanied by his mother Ruth Lolmodooni, lonely and miserable.

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The Kokoyos failed to make it to the ceremony because their son was forced to drop out of school for lack of fees.

After completing their primary school, Wilson joined local Amaiya Secondary School while Baraka got a vacancy at Lolmolok Mixed Secondary School.

“We are trying our best to see that Celina (Kokoyo’s mother) is able to raise enough money to send her son back to school,” a visibly worried Mrs Lolmodooni told Sunday Nation.

She said it would disappoint them if Wilson drops out of school. The boy would have no alternative other than joining others in herding livestock, which the two communities are trying to discourage after enjoying years of peace.

“It is through him that I came to know his mother and we became family friends. We want the friendship to continue,” she said and noted that, unlike before, she’s able to criss-cross Amaiya Valley to do her business without fear.

Before, members of her Samburu community could not attempt to go near Amaiya Market at Tiaty, Baringo. This is Pokot territory.

Pokots could also not dare step into the territory of their neighbours for fear of attacks. And most of the fighters or warriors are the young men who start target practice in their teens.

The programme by CPI-Kenya was designed to end perennial conflict between the Samburu and Pokot. And it has worked.

The communities had for years been fighting each other over control of pasture and water along the Amaiya valley, which is an extension of the infamous Suguta valley triangle. The triangle extends to other parts of Samburu County and West Pokot.

Though a semi-arid area, Amaiya is surrounded by hilly ground. The place has enough pasture for most parts of the year. Both communities share the valley.

Government agencies, including the Baringo County government, are supportive of the project, which they believe is the solution to persistent cattle raids and general insecurity in the North Rift region.

The communities living in this part of the country are armed and constantly engage each other in gun battles. It is only now that their children can go to school following the peace programme.

“We are tired of cattle rustling incidents that have left our county behind,” Patrick Kitilt, the director of natural resources in Baringo County, said.

Stephen Wasike, the assistant county commissioner, was also present and assured CPI of the commitment the national government has in supporting the programme.



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Public officers above 58 years and with pre-existing conditions told to work from home: The Standard

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Head of Public Service Joseph Kinyua. [File, Standard]
In a document from Head of Public Service, Joseph Kinyua new measure have been outlined to curb the bulging spread of covid-19. Public officers with underlying health conditions and those who are over 58 years -a group that experts have classified as most vulnerable to the virus will be required to execute their duties from home.

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However, the new rule excluded personnel in the security sector and other critical and essential services.
“All State and public officers with pre-existing medical conditions and/or aged 58 years and above serving in CSG5 (job group ‘S’) and below or their equivalents should forthwith work from home,” read the document,” read the document.
To ensure that those working from home deliver, the Public Service directs that there be clear assignments and targets tasked for the period designated and a clear reporting line to monitor and review work done.
SEE ALSO: Thinking inside the cardboard box for post-lockdown work stations
Others measures outlined in the document include the provision of personal protective equipment to staff, provision of sanitizers and access to washing facilities fitted with soap and water, temperature checks for all staff and clients entering public offices regular fumigation of office premises and vehicles and minimizing of visitors except by prior appointments.
Officers who contract the virus and come back to work after quarantine or isolation period will be required to follow specific directives such as obtaining clearance from the isolation facility certified by the designated persons indicating that the public officer is free and safe from Covid-19. The officer will also be required to stay away from duty station for a period of seven days after the date of medical certification.
“The period a public officer spends in quarantine or isolation due to Covid-19, shall be treated as sick leave and shall be subject to the Provisions of the Human Resource Policy and procedures Manual for the Public Service(May,2016),” read the document.
The service has also made discrimination and stigmatization an offence and has guaranteed those affected with the virus to receive adequate access to mental health and psychosocial supported offered by the government.
The new directives targeting the Public Services come at a time when Kenyans have increasingly shown lack of strict observance of the issued guidelines even as the number of positive Covid-19 cases skyrocket to 13,771 and leaving 238 dead as of today.
SEE ALSO: Working from home could be blessing in disguise for persons with disabilities
Principal Secretaries/ Accounting Officers will be personally responsible for effective enforcement and compliance of the current guidelines and any future directives issued to mitigate the spread of Covid-19.

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Uhuru convenes summit to review rising Covid-19 cases: The Standard

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President Uhuru Kenyatta (pictured) will on Friday, July 24, meet governors following the ballooning Covid-19 infections in recent days.
The session will among other things review the efficacy of the containment measures in place and review the impact of the phased easing of the restrictions, State House said in a statement.
This story is being updated.
SEE ALSO: Sakaja resigns from Covid-19 Senate committee, in court tomorrow

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Drastic life changes affecting mental health

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Kenya has been ranked 6th among African countries with the highest cases of depression, this has triggered anxiety by the World Health Organization (WHO), with 1.9 million people suffering from a form of mental conditions such as depression, substance abuse.

KBC Radio_KICD Timetable

Globally, one in four people is affected by mental or neurological disorders at some point in their lives, this is according to the WHO.

Currently, around 450 million people suffer from such conditions, placing mental disorders among the leading causes of ill-health and disability worldwide.

The pandemic has also been known to cause significant distress, mostly affecting the state of one’s mental well-being.

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With the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic attributed to the novel Coronavirus disease, millions have been affected globally with over 14 million infections and half a million deaths as to date. This has brought about uncertainty coupled with difficult situations, including job loss and the risk of contracting the deadly virus.

In Kenya the first Coronavirus case was reported in Nairobi by the Ministry of Health on the 12th March 2020.  It was not until the government put in place precautionary measures including a curfew and lockdown (the latter having being lifted) due to an increase in the number of infections that people began feeling its effect both economically and socially.

A study by Dr. Habil Otanga,  a Lecturer at the University of Nairobi, Department of Psychology says  that such measures can in turn lead to surge in mental related illnesses including depression, feelings of confusion, anger and fear, and even substance abuse. It also brings with it a sense of boredom, loneliness, anger, isolation and frustration. In the post-quarantine/isolation period, loss of employment due to the depressed economy and the stigma around the disease are also likely to lead to mental health problems.

The Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) states that at least 300,000 Kenyans have lost their jobs due to the Coronavirus pandemic between the period of January and March this year.

KNBC noted that the number of employed Kenyans plunged to 17.8 million as of March from 18.1 million people as compared to last year in December. The Report states that the unemployment rate in Kenya stands at 13.7 per cent as of March this year while it stood 12.4 per cent in December 2019.

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Mama T (not her real name) is among millions of Kenyans who have been affected by containment measures put in place to curb the spread of the virus, either by losing their source of income or having to work under tough guidelines put in place by the MOH.

As young mother and an event organizer, she has found it hard to explain to her children why they cannot go to school or socialize freely with their peers as before.

“Sometimes it gets difficult as they do not understand what is happening due to their age, this at times becomes hard on me as they often think I am punishing them,”

Her contract was put on hold as no event or public gatherings can take place due to the pandemic. This has brought other challenges along with it, as she has to find means of fending for her family expenditures that including rent and food.

“I often wake up in the middle of the night with worries about my next move as the pandemic does not exhibit any signs of easing up,” she says. She adds that she has been forced to sort for manual jobs to keep her family afloat.

Ms. Mary Wahome, a Counseling Psychologist and Programs Director at ‘The Reason to Hope,’ in Karen, Nairobi says that such kind of drastic life changes have an adverse effect on one’s mental status including their family members and if not addressed early can lead to depression among other issues.

“We have had cases of people indulging in substance abuse to deal with the uncertainty and stress brought about by the pandemic, this in turn leads to dependence and also domestic abuse,”

Sam Njoroge , a waiter at a local hotel in Kiambu, has found himself indulging in substance abuse due to challenges he is facing after the hotel he was working in was closed down as it has not yet met the standards required by the MOH to open.

“My day starts at 6am where I go to a local pub, here I can get a drink for as little as Sh30, It makes me suppress the frustration I feel.” he says.

Sam is among the many who have found themselves in the same predicament and resulted to substance abuse finding ways to beat strict measures put in place by the government on the sale of alcohol so as to cope.

Mary says, situations like Sam’s are dangerous and if not addressed early can lead to serious complications, including addiction and dependency, violent behavior and also early death due to health complications.

She has, however, lauded the government for encouraging mental wellness and also launching the Psychological First Aid (PFA) guide in the wake of the virus putting emphasis on the three action principal of look, listen and link. “When we follow this it will be easy to identify an individual in distress and also offer assistance”.

Mary has urged anyone feeling the weight of the virus taking a toll on them not to hesitate but look for someone to talk to.

“You should not only seek help from a specialist but also talk to a friend, let them know what you are undergoing and how you feel, this will help ease their emotional stress and also find ways of dealing with the situation they are facing,” She added

Mary continued to stress on the need to perform frequent body exercises as a form of stress relief, reading and also taking advantage of this unfortunate COVID-19 period to engage in hobbies and talent development.

“Let people take this as an opportunity to kip fit, get in touch with one’s inner self and  also engage in   reading that would  help expand their knowledge.

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