The deposit-taking Harambee Savings and Credit Co-operative Society in Kenya has put several properties valued at over Ksh10 billion ($100 million) on auction, as part of measures to improve its cash flow position and comply with statutory investment guidelines.
The Saccos are not allowed to invest more than 25 per cent of total assets in real estate.
The decision taken by Harambee Sacco will ensure that its over 92,000 members, largely civil servants, receive loans and other credit facilities swiftly.
The properties earmarked for sale include houses and parcels of land that the society has been keeping on its balance sheet while struggling to raise cash to finance its daily operations.
The country’s third largest Sacco in terms of deposits slid into loss-making territory last year. It made a loss of Ksh145 million ($1.45 million) compared with net earnings of Ksh125 million ($1.25 million) in 2016.
This prompted the society to borrow Ksh1.2 billion ($12 million) from commercial banks to boost its liquidity position which has also been weighed down by increased loan defaults.
The society’s new chief executive, Dr George Ochiri, told The EastAfrican that prudent financial management, reduced bank borrowing and improved loan recoveries would help improve the Sacco’s cash position.
The society, which holds over Ksh16 billion ($160 million) in deposits, has been in the limelight in recent times for questionable financial transactions that prompted investigations into the state of its financial affairs.
“On financial performance, we have to promote a culture change among our staff, board members and delegates and enhance financial controls,” said Dr Ochiri, the former CEO of the Safaricom Sacco.
The society has also revamped its investment subsidiary — Harambee Investment Society Ltd — headed by former journalist Gichuki Kabukuru, to oversee new investments in the stockmarket, bond market and money market (Treasury bills and bonds).
“On investment, we have rejuvenated Harambee Investment Society to do business with other members,” said Dr Ochiri.
Kenya’s deposit-taking Saccos are facing liquidity pressures due to increased demand for short term loans that tend to peak in January, February, August and September, largely driven by the demand for school fees and other education associated loans.
John Mwaka, the chief executive of the Sacco Societies Regulatory Authority (Sasra), said that the demand for loans has continued to outweigh the deposits mobilised, putting pressure on these societies to look for alternative ways of raising cash.
According to the regulator, increased non-performing loans (NPLs) particularly in respect of the government-based deposit-taking Saccos such as Harambee Sacco is directly attributed to the ripple effects of delayed remittances of loan repayment deductions by the national and county governments, as well as certain government institutions.
In addition, the decentralisation of payrolls has often led to inordinate delays in the remittances and implementation of the loan deduction requests, leading to default by the members.
“Sporadic and unreliable remittances of loan repayment deductions by some governmental institutions and parastatals have also contributed to increased NPLs in these Saccos,” according to Sasra.
Sasra has set the minimum core capital for Saccos at Ksh10 million ($100,000), which must be met before a license is issued.
In addition, every institution must maintain a core capital of not less than 10 per cent of total assets at all times, a core capital of not less than eight per cent of its total deposit liabilities and institutional capital of not less than eight per cent of its total assets.
According to Sasra, the absence of a legal framework to allow Saccos access to the national payment systems and a functional central liquidity facility is a stumbling block for the stability and competitiveness of Kenya’s Sacco sector.
The central liquidity facility is expected to boost liquidity by allowing Sacco members to borrow from each other instead of going for expensive bank loans.
The facility, akin to the interbank market for commercial banks, is also expected to provide anchorage for the integration of Saccos into the national payment systems.
It is argued that Saccos particularly deposit-taking ones must brace for stiff competition from other financial service providers particularly with the growth in popularity of digital credit services that specialise in unsecured microcredit loans.
In addition, the implementation of the Banking (Amendment) Act, 2016 which set the interest rates payable on deposits held by commercial banks to not less than 70 per cent of the Central Bank rate (CBR implies the good rates or returns on deposits previously associated with Saccos are slowly being eroded.
Kenya has about 174 licensed deposit-taking Saccos. They hold an estimated Ksh442.27 billion ($4.42 billion) in assets, with the gross loans portfolio estimated at Ksh331.21 billion ($3.31 billion).
Public officers above 58 years and with pre-existing conditions told to work from home: The Standard
Head of Public Service Joseph Kinyua. [File, Standard]
In a document from Head of Public Service, Joseph Kinyua new measure have been outlined to curb the bulging spread of covid-19. Public officers with underlying health conditions and those who are over 58 years -a group that experts have classified as most vulnerable to the virus will be required to execute their duties from home.
However, the new rule excluded personnel in the security sector and other critical and essential services.
“All State and public officers with pre-existing medical conditions and/or aged 58 years and above serving in CSG5 (job group ‘S’) and below or their equivalents should forthwith work from home,” read the document,” read the document.
To ensure that those working from home deliver, the Public Service directs that there be clear assignments and targets tasked for the period designated and a clear reporting line to monitor and review work done.
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Others measures outlined in the document include the provision of personal protective equipment to staff, provision of sanitizers and access to washing facilities fitted with soap and water, temperature checks for all staff and clients entering public offices regular fumigation of office premises and vehicles and minimizing of visitors except by prior appointments.
Officers who contract the virus and come back to work after quarantine or isolation period will be required to follow specific directives such as obtaining clearance from the isolation facility certified by the designated persons indicating that the public officer is free and safe from Covid-19. The officer will also be required to stay away from duty station for a period of seven days after the date of medical certification.
“The period a public officer spends in quarantine or isolation due to Covid-19, shall be treated as sick leave and shall be subject to the Provisions of the Human Resource Policy and procedures Manual for the Public Service(May,2016),” read the document.
The service has also made discrimination and stigmatization an offence and has guaranteed those affected with the virus to receive adequate access to mental health and psychosocial supported offered by the government.
The new directives targeting the Public Services come at a time when Kenyans have increasingly shown lack of strict observance of the issued guidelines even as the number of positive Covid-19 cases skyrocket to 13,771 and leaving 238 dead as of today.
SEE ALSO: Working from home could be blessing in disguise for persons with disabilities
Principal Secretaries/ Accounting Officers will be personally responsible for effective enforcement and compliance of the current guidelines and any future directives issued to mitigate the spread of Covid-19.
Uhuru convenes summit to review rising Covid-19 cases: The Standard
President Uhuru Kenyatta (pictured) will on Friday, July 24, meet governors following the ballooning Covid-19 infections in recent days.
The session will among other things review the efficacy of the containment measures in place and review the impact of the phased easing of the restrictions, State House said in a statement.
This story is being updated.
SEE ALSO: Sakaja resigns from Covid-19 Senate committee, in court tomorrow
Drastic life changes affecting mental health
Kenya has been ranked 6th among African countries with the highest cases of depression, this has triggered anxiety by the World Health Organization (WHO), with 1.9 million people suffering from a form of mental conditions such as depression, substance abuse.
Globally, one in four people is affected by mental or neurological disorders at some point in their lives, this is according to the WHO.
Currently, around 450 million people suffer from such conditions, placing mental disorders among the leading causes of ill-health and disability worldwide.
The pandemic has also been known to cause significant distress, mostly affecting the state of one’s mental well-being.
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With the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic attributed to the novel Coronavirus disease, millions have been affected globally with over 14 million infections and half a million deaths as to date. This has brought about uncertainty coupled with difficult situations, including job loss and the risk of contracting the deadly virus.
In Kenya the first Coronavirus case was reported in Nairobi by the Ministry of Health on the 12th March 2020. It was not until the government put in place precautionary measures including a curfew and lockdown (the latter having being lifted) due to an increase in the number of infections that people began feeling its effect both economically and socially.
A study by Dr. Habil Otanga, a Lecturer at the University of Nairobi, Department of Psychology says that such measures can in turn lead to surge in mental related illnesses including depression, feelings of confusion, anger and fear, and even substance abuse. It also brings with it a sense of boredom, loneliness, anger, isolation and frustration. In the post-quarantine/isolation period, loss of employment due to the depressed economy and the stigma around the disease are also likely to lead to mental health problems.
The Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) states that at least 300,000 Kenyans have lost their jobs due to the Coronavirus pandemic between the period of January and March this year.
KNBC noted that the number of employed Kenyans plunged to 17.8 million as of March from 18.1 million people as compared to last year in December. The Report states that the unemployment rate in Kenya stands at 13.7 per cent as of March this year while it stood 12.4 per cent in December 2019.
Mama T (not her real name) is among millions of Kenyans who have been affected by containment measures put in place to curb the spread of the virus, either by losing their source of income or having to work under tough guidelines put in place by the MOH.
As young mother and an event organizer, she has found it hard to explain to her children why they cannot go to school or socialize freely with their peers as before.
“Sometimes it gets difficult as they do not understand what is happening due to their age, this at times becomes hard on me as they often think I am punishing them,”
Her contract was put on hold as no event or public gatherings can take place due to the pandemic. This has brought other challenges along with it, as she has to find means of fending for her family expenditures that including rent and food.
“I often wake up in the middle of the night with worries about my next move as the pandemic does not exhibit any signs of easing up,” she says. She adds that she has been forced to sort for manual jobs to keep her family afloat.
Ms. Mary Wahome, a Counseling Psychologist and Programs Director at ‘The Reason to Hope,’ in Karen, Nairobi says that such kind of drastic life changes have an adverse effect on one’s mental status including their family members and if not addressed early can lead to depression among other issues.
“We have had cases of people indulging in substance abuse to deal with the uncertainty and stress brought about by the pandemic, this in turn leads to dependence and also domestic abuse,”
Sam Njoroge , a waiter at a local hotel in Kiambu, has found himself indulging in substance abuse due to challenges he is facing after the hotel he was working in was closed down as it has not yet met the standards required by the MOH to open.
“My day starts at 6am where I go to a local pub, here I can get a drink for as little as Sh30, It makes me suppress the frustration I feel.” he says.
Sam is among the many who have found themselves in the same predicament and resulted to substance abuse finding ways to beat strict measures put in place by the government on the sale of alcohol so as to cope.
Mary says, situations like Sam’s are dangerous and if not addressed early can lead to serious complications, including addiction and dependency, violent behavior and also early death due to health complications.
She has, however, lauded the government for encouraging mental wellness and also launching the Psychological First Aid (PFA) guide in the wake of the virus putting emphasis on the three action principal of look, listen and link. “When we follow this it will be easy to identify an individual in distress and also offer assistance”.
Mary has urged anyone feeling the weight of the virus taking a toll on them not to hesitate but look for someone to talk to.
“You should not only seek help from a specialist but also talk to a friend, let them know what you are undergoing and how you feel, this will help ease their emotional stress and also find ways of dealing with the situation they are facing,” She added
Mary continued to stress on the need to perform frequent body exercises as a form of stress relief, reading and also taking advantage of this unfortunate COVID-19 period to engage in hobbies and talent development.
“Let people take this as an opportunity to kip fit, get in touch with one’s inner self and also engage in reading that would help expand their knowledge.