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Gender rule a thorny issue years later

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By SAMWEL OWINO
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Early October, women MPs started putting on white ribbons and scarfs to raise awareness that the two-thirds gender bill had not been passed eight years after the promulgation of the Constitution 

Under the banner of the Kenya Women Parliamentary Association (Kewopa), the lawmakers put up a spirited campaign trying to convince their male counterparts to support the bill.

For the third time in a row, parliament has failed to pass the bill which seeks to align the membership of the National Assembly with the Constitution, which requires that not more than two thirds of seats in the appointive and elective bodies should be of the same gender.

The bill also seeks to create special nomination slots for women in the National Assembly and the Senate to bridge the gender gap.

Drafters of the 2010 Constitution did not want a situation where one gender is overly represented in parliament.

As such, they stipulated that the National Assembly and the Senate should not have more than two-thirds of members of the same gender.

“Not more than two-thirds of the members of elective public bodies shall be of the same gender,” says Article 81 (b) of the Constitution.

However, the passage of the bill has faced many hurdles with male MPs expressing reluctance in supporting it – they say it will be abused by party leaders to nominate their “girlfriends”.

The remark has, however, been sharply countered by Murang’a Woman Representative Sabina Chege, who said the bill is not only about women, but also promotion of representation of marginalised groups such as the disabled, youth and ethnic minorities.

“This bill is not about slay queens, boyfriends or girlfriends of the politically connected. It is about the women of Kenya. It is time parliament passed the law as it risks dissolution,” Ms Chege said.

The Constitution also did not dictate how the two-thirds gender rule could be implemented so the attorney-general’s office sought an advisory from the Supreme Court on how to meet the requirement.

In December 2012, the apex court determined that the gender principle had not been transformed into a full right capable of direct enforcement, advising progressive implementation within five years of the promulgation of the Constitution.

In a verdict issued in March 2017, High Court judge John Mativo said if the gender principle would not have been implemented by June that year, anyone could write to the chief justice, asking him to advise the president to dissolve parliament.

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At the core of the bill is a nomination criterion to ensure that at any given time, the number of women is at least a third of the total. 

It is hard to legislate on elective positions – the bill proposes that after an election has been finalised and the gender numbers calculated, the right number of women should be nominated.

Currently, the National Assembly has 75 women MPs — 22 elected from the 290 constituencies in the last election, six nominated in the 12 slots and 47elected as woman reps.

The Senate has three elected women from the 47 counties while 18 are nominated.

Homa Bay Woman Representative Gladys Wanga is very pessimistic about the rule’s implementation.

She says that by the look of things, it seems parliament will not fulfil its obligation of passing the gender bill.

“We will have to go back to the people through a referendum. I have no hope that parliament will pass it,” Ms Wanga said.

However, National Assembly Majority Whip Benjamin Washiali pointed out that all is not lost as the house leadership will continue to ‘sweet-talk’ male MPs before February.

“We deferred the vote because we did not want to fail as was the case the last two times … once bitten, twice shy,” Mr Washiali said.

The passage of the bill, popularly referred as Duale’s bill, could see the country pay about Sh60 million more in monthly salaries and other allowances to the nominated women MPs.

In terms of representation in parliament, Rwanda leads in the Eastern Africa region with 61 percent of MPs being women, according to World Bank data.

Tanzania’s women parliamentarians’ amount to 36 percent of the total.

Burundi has a similar percentage while Uganda follows with 34 percent and Kenya trails at 22 percent.

Tongaren MP Eseli Simiyu described the bill as a manifestation of laziness in complying with the constitutional requirement.

Kimilili MP Didmus Barasa noted that there must be a nomination procedure so that deserving cases are not sacrificed for political interests.



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Public officers above 58 years and with pre-existing conditions told to work from home: The Standard

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Head of Public Service Joseph Kinyua. [File, Standard]
In a document from Head of Public Service, Joseph Kinyua new measure have been outlined to curb the bulging spread of covid-19. Public officers with underlying health conditions and those who are over 58 years -a group that experts have classified as most vulnerable to the virus will be required to execute their duties from home.

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However, the new rule excluded personnel in the security sector and other critical and essential services.
“All State and public officers with pre-existing medical conditions and/or aged 58 years and above serving in CSG5 (job group ‘S’) and below or their equivalents should forthwith work from home,” read the document,” read the document.
To ensure that those working from home deliver, the Public Service directs that there be clear assignments and targets tasked for the period designated and a clear reporting line to monitor and review work done.
SEE ALSO: Thinking inside the cardboard box for post-lockdown work stations
Others measures outlined in the document include the provision of personal protective equipment to staff, provision of sanitizers and access to washing facilities fitted with soap and water, temperature checks for all staff and clients entering public offices regular fumigation of office premises and vehicles and minimizing of visitors except by prior appointments.
Officers who contract the virus and come back to work after quarantine or isolation period will be required to follow specific directives such as obtaining clearance from the isolation facility certified by the designated persons indicating that the public officer is free and safe from Covid-19. The officer will also be required to stay away from duty station for a period of seven days after the date of medical certification.
“The period a public officer spends in quarantine or isolation due to Covid-19, shall be treated as sick leave and shall be subject to the Provisions of the Human Resource Policy and procedures Manual for the Public Service(May,2016),” read the document.
The service has also made discrimination and stigmatization an offence and has guaranteed those affected with the virus to receive adequate access to mental health and psychosocial supported offered by the government.
The new directives targeting the Public Services come at a time when Kenyans have increasingly shown lack of strict observance of the issued guidelines even as the number of positive Covid-19 cases skyrocket to 13,771 and leaving 238 dead as of today.
SEE ALSO: Working from home could be blessing in disguise for persons with disabilities
Principal Secretaries/ Accounting Officers will be personally responsible for effective enforcement and compliance of the current guidelines and any future directives issued to mitigate the spread of Covid-19.

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Uhuru convenes summit to review rising Covid-19 cases: The Standard

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President Uhuru Kenyatta (pictured) will on Friday, July 24, meet governors following the ballooning Covid-19 infections in recent days.
The session will among other things review the efficacy of the containment measures in place and review the impact of the phased easing of the restrictions, State House said in a statement.
This story is being updated.
SEE ALSO: Sakaja resigns from Covid-19 Senate committee, in court tomorrow

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Drastic life changes affecting mental health

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Kenya has been ranked 6th among African countries with the highest cases of depression, this has triggered anxiety by the World Health Organization (WHO), with 1.9 million people suffering from a form of mental conditions such as depression, substance abuse.

KBC Radio_KICD Timetable

Globally, one in four people is affected by mental or neurological disorders at some point in their lives, this is according to the WHO.

Currently, around 450 million people suffer from such conditions, placing mental disorders among the leading causes of ill-health and disability worldwide.

The pandemic has also been known to cause significant distress, mostly affecting the state of one’s mental well-being.

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With the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic attributed to the novel Coronavirus disease, millions have been affected globally with over 14 million infections and half a million deaths as to date. This has brought about uncertainty coupled with difficult situations, including job loss and the risk of contracting the deadly virus.

In Kenya the first Coronavirus case was reported in Nairobi by the Ministry of Health on the 12th March 2020.  It was not until the government put in place precautionary measures including a curfew and lockdown (the latter having being lifted) due to an increase in the number of infections that people began feeling its effect both economically and socially.

A study by Dr. Habil Otanga,  a Lecturer at the University of Nairobi, Department of Psychology says  that such measures can in turn lead to surge in mental related illnesses including depression, feelings of confusion, anger and fear, and even substance abuse. It also brings with it a sense of boredom, loneliness, anger, isolation and frustration. In the post-quarantine/isolation period, loss of employment due to the depressed economy and the stigma around the disease are also likely to lead to mental health problems.

The Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) states that at least 300,000 Kenyans have lost their jobs due to the Coronavirus pandemic between the period of January and March this year.

KNBC noted that the number of employed Kenyans plunged to 17.8 million as of March from 18.1 million people as compared to last year in December. The Report states that the unemployment rate in Kenya stands at 13.7 per cent as of March this year while it stood 12.4 per cent in December 2019.

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Mama T (not her real name) is among millions of Kenyans who have been affected by containment measures put in place to curb the spread of the virus, either by losing their source of income or having to work under tough guidelines put in place by the MOH.

As young mother and an event organizer, she has found it hard to explain to her children why they cannot go to school or socialize freely with their peers as before.

“Sometimes it gets difficult as they do not understand what is happening due to their age, this at times becomes hard on me as they often think I am punishing them,”

Her contract was put on hold as no event or public gatherings can take place due to the pandemic. This has brought other challenges along with it, as she has to find means of fending for her family expenditures that including rent and food.

“I often wake up in the middle of the night with worries about my next move as the pandemic does not exhibit any signs of easing up,” she says. She adds that she has been forced to sort for manual jobs to keep her family afloat.

Ms. Mary Wahome, a Counseling Psychologist and Programs Director at ‘The Reason to Hope,’ in Karen, Nairobi says that such kind of drastic life changes have an adverse effect on one’s mental status including their family members and if not addressed early can lead to depression among other issues.

“We have had cases of people indulging in substance abuse to deal with the uncertainty and stress brought about by the pandemic, this in turn leads to dependence and also domestic abuse,”

Sam Njoroge , a waiter at a local hotel in Kiambu, has found himself indulging in substance abuse due to challenges he is facing after the hotel he was working in was closed down as it has not yet met the standards required by the MOH to open.

“My day starts at 6am where I go to a local pub, here I can get a drink for as little as Sh30, It makes me suppress the frustration I feel.” he says.

Sam is among the many who have found themselves in the same predicament and resulted to substance abuse finding ways to beat strict measures put in place by the government on the sale of alcohol so as to cope.

Mary says, situations like Sam’s are dangerous and if not addressed early can lead to serious complications, including addiction and dependency, violent behavior and also early death due to health complications.

She has, however, lauded the government for encouraging mental wellness and also launching the Psychological First Aid (PFA) guide in the wake of the virus putting emphasis on the three action principal of look, listen and link. “When we follow this it will be easy to identify an individual in distress and also offer assistance”.

Mary has urged anyone feeling the weight of the virus taking a toll on them not to hesitate but look for someone to talk to.

“You should not only seek help from a specialist but also talk to a friend, let them know what you are undergoing and how you feel, this will help ease their emotional stress and also find ways of dealing with the situation they are facing,” She added

Mary continued to stress on the need to perform frequent body exercises as a form of stress relief, reading and also taking advantage of this unfortunate COVID-19 period to engage in hobbies and talent development.

“Let people take this as an opportunity to kip fit, get in touch with one’s inner self and  also engage in   reading that would  help expand their knowledge.

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