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Eurobond: Borrowing from Peter to pay Paul

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By PAUL WAFULA
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National Treasury chiefs are set to go on an international roadshow to raise Sh250 billion in Eurobond three, even as reports of losses of huge sums of money from public coffers dominate the media.

The international tour will target investors in Europe and the United States in what is known in financial circles as a “beauty parade”.

In addition to the Eurobond, the government will be taking another Sh37 billion from a consortium of international banks as a syndicated loan.

Treasury says the new debt will be used to pay a Sh251 billion debt that falls due in June.

Part of this debt will be the first instalment of Sh75 billion for the inaugural Eurobond taken in 2014. Also maturing is a syndicated loan of Sh60 billion taken in June 2012.

The new issue, which is expected to be completed in the next 60 days, signals a trend where the government is now preferring the Eurobond route to finance its ballooning budget.

Its options to finance a Sh2.5 trillion budget are also fast reducing given the shortfalls in tax revenue collected by the Kenya Revenue Authority (KRA).

Treasury Principal Secretary Kamau Thugge told the Nation in an exclusive interview that the borrowing is in line with the government foreign borrowing plans for the current financial year to meet the budget deficit.

Kenya plans to borrow a total of Sh608 billion this year, according to the budget policy statement.

Besides the Sh287 billion from the Eurobond and syndicated loans, it will also borrow Sh317 billion from the domestic market.

“We want to pay our debts in this financial year and this will reduce our debt service burden for next year,” Mr Thugge said, adding that the next Eurobond instalment will fall due in 2024.

Although borrowing is an internationally accepted means to finance government budgets, loans are supposed to be for development expenditure.

It has been difficult to link the loans to projects under the Jubilee government.

To date, the government has not yet released a list of the projects funded by the controversial 2014 Eurobond that raised Sh280 billion.

It has however put up a spirited defence of the process. Treasury released bank documents to show the transactions and dismissed any reports that the money may not have made it to the country.

The only thing it has been unable to do is provide a list of the projects funded by the money.

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This means that either the funds were never utilised for the intended purpose or ended up in recurrent expenditure.

Treasury went a step further to hire private auditor PKF Kenya to carry out a special audit of the first Eurobond after Auditor-General Edward Ouko refused to give it a clean bill of health.

PKF has since cleared the Treasury of any wrongdoing, saying the Sh280 billion from the offshore accounts indeed made it home and found its way into the consolidated fund.

The Nation has also learnt that Mr Ouko has finalised a report that sources say will be ‘in the same spirit’, having returned to Nairobi empty-handed.

Mr Ouko sent a team to New York to investigate the Eurobond, and his findings are expected to bring to an end five years of controversy on the loan.

Last year, the government raised another Sh202 billion from a Eurobond. And even before it explains how it used this amount and the projects funded, the country is back in the international market to seek a fresh loan.

With the third issue, Kenya will have borrowed Sh730 billion in the past five years under the Jubilee administration in Eurobonds.

This amount is enough to build two Standard Gauge Railway lines as the one from Mombasa to Nairobi, complete with the locomotives and wagons.

If the loans were to build roads, they would have been enough to put up 22 Thika Roads around the country or an express highway from Mombasa to Nairobi, Nakuru and all the way to Malaba or Busia border, with some spare change.

Treasury has defended its appetite for debt, saying many people still do not understand the concept of rollovers where government takes a new debt to repay maturing debt.

The most widely used in Kenya are Treasury bonds and bills for the domestic market. The government has also been issuing long-term infrastructure bonds to reduce the need to borrow every now and then.

Data from the Central Bank of Kenya shows Kenya on average borrows about Sh2 billion every day.

This has seen its total debt rise to Sh5.4 trillion. Between January and February this year, for instance, Kenya borrowed a total of Sh126.4 billion.

The total domestic debt now stands at Sh2.6 trillion while external debt is at Sh2.7 trillion. When the new debt is factored in, this figure could hit Sh3 trillion by the end of this financial year.



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Public officers above 58 years and with pre-existing conditions told to work from home: The Standard

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Head of Public Service Joseph Kinyua. [File, Standard]
In a document from Head of Public Service, Joseph Kinyua new measure have been outlined to curb the bulging spread of covid-19. Public officers with underlying health conditions and those who are over 58 years -a group that experts have classified as most vulnerable to the virus will be required to execute their duties from home.

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However, the new rule excluded personnel in the security sector and other critical and essential services.
“All State and public officers with pre-existing medical conditions and/or aged 58 years and above serving in CSG5 (job group ‘S’) and below or their equivalents should forthwith work from home,” read the document,” read the document.
To ensure that those working from home deliver, the Public Service directs that there be clear assignments and targets tasked for the period designated and a clear reporting line to monitor and review work done.
SEE ALSO: Thinking inside the cardboard box for post-lockdown work stations
Others measures outlined in the document include the provision of personal protective equipment to staff, provision of sanitizers and access to washing facilities fitted with soap and water, temperature checks for all staff and clients entering public offices regular fumigation of office premises and vehicles and minimizing of visitors except by prior appointments.
Officers who contract the virus and come back to work after quarantine or isolation period will be required to follow specific directives such as obtaining clearance from the isolation facility certified by the designated persons indicating that the public officer is free and safe from Covid-19. The officer will also be required to stay away from duty station for a period of seven days after the date of medical certification.
“The period a public officer spends in quarantine or isolation due to Covid-19, shall be treated as sick leave and shall be subject to the Provisions of the Human Resource Policy and procedures Manual for the Public Service(May,2016),” read the document.
The service has also made discrimination and stigmatization an offence and has guaranteed those affected with the virus to receive adequate access to mental health and psychosocial supported offered by the government.
The new directives targeting the Public Services come at a time when Kenyans have increasingly shown lack of strict observance of the issued guidelines even as the number of positive Covid-19 cases skyrocket to 13,771 and leaving 238 dead as of today.
SEE ALSO: Working from home could be blessing in disguise for persons with disabilities
Principal Secretaries/ Accounting Officers will be personally responsible for effective enforcement and compliance of the current guidelines and any future directives issued to mitigate the spread of Covid-19.

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Uhuru convenes summit to review rising Covid-19 cases: The Standard

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President Uhuru Kenyatta (pictured) will on Friday, July 24, meet governors following the ballooning Covid-19 infections in recent days.
The session will among other things review the efficacy of the containment measures in place and review the impact of the phased easing of the restrictions, State House said in a statement.
This story is being updated.
SEE ALSO: Sakaja resigns from Covid-19 Senate committee, in court tomorrow

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Drastic life changes affecting mental health

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Kenya has been ranked 6th among African countries with the highest cases of depression, this has triggered anxiety by the World Health Organization (WHO), with 1.9 million people suffering from a form of mental conditions such as depression, substance abuse.

KBC Radio_KICD Timetable

Globally, one in four people is affected by mental or neurological disorders at some point in their lives, this is according to the WHO.

Currently, around 450 million people suffer from such conditions, placing mental disorders among the leading causes of ill-health and disability worldwide.

The pandemic has also been known to cause significant distress, mostly affecting the state of one’s mental well-being.

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With the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic attributed to the novel Coronavirus disease, millions have been affected globally with over 14 million infections and half a million deaths as to date. This has brought about uncertainty coupled with difficult situations, including job loss and the risk of contracting the deadly virus.

In Kenya the first Coronavirus case was reported in Nairobi by the Ministry of Health on the 12th March 2020.  It was not until the government put in place precautionary measures including a curfew and lockdown (the latter having being lifted) due to an increase in the number of infections that people began feeling its effect both economically and socially.

A study by Dr. Habil Otanga,  a Lecturer at the University of Nairobi, Department of Psychology says  that such measures can in turn lead to surge in mental related illnesses including depression, feelings of confusion, anger and fear, and even substance abuse. It also brings with it a sense of boredom, loneliness, anger, isolation and frustration. In the post-quarantine/isolation period, loss of employment due to the depressed economy and the stigma around the disease are also likely to lead to mental health problems.

The Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) states that at least 300,000 Kenyans have lost their jobs due to the Coronavirus pandemic between the period of January and March this year.

KNBC noted that the number of employed Kenyans plunged to 17.8 million as of March from 18.1 million people as compared to last year in December. The Report states that the unemployment rate in Kenya stands at 13.7 per cent as of March this year while it stood 12.4 per cent in December 2019.

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Mama T (not her real name) is among millions of Kenyans who have been affected by containment measures put in place to curb the spread of the virus, either by losing their source of income or having to work under tough guidelines put in place by the MOH.

As young mother and an event organizer, she has found it hard to explain to her children why they cannot go to school or socialize freely with their peers as before.

“Sometimes it gets difficult as they do not understand what is happening due to their age, this at times becomes hard on me as they often think I am punishing them,”

Her contract was put on hold as no event or public gatherings can take place due to the pandemic. This has brought other challenges along with it, as she has to find means of fending for her family expenditures that including rent and food.

“I often wake up in the middle of the night with worries about my next move as the pandemic does not exhibit any signs of easing up,” she says. She adds that she has been forced to sort for manual jobs to keep her family afloat.

Ms. Mary Wahome, a Counseling Psychologist and Programs Director at ‘The Reason to Hope,’ in Karen, Nairobi says that such kind of drastic life changes have an adverse effect on one’s mental status including their family members and if not addressed early can lead to depression among other issues.

“We have had cases of people indulging in substance abuse to deal with the uncertainty and stress brought about by the pandemic, this in turn leads to dependence and also domestic abuse,”

Sam Njoroge , a waiter at a local hotel in Kiambu, has found himself indulging in substance abuse due to challenges he is facing after the hotel he was working in was closed down as it has not yet met the standards required by the MOH to open.

“My day starts at 6am where I go to a local pub, here I can get a drink for as little as Sh30, It makes me suppress the frustration I feel.” he says.

Sam is among the many who have found themselves in the same predicament and resulted to substance abuse finding ways to beat strict measures put in place by the government on the sale of alcohol so as to cope.

Mary says, situations like Sam’s are dangerous and if not addressed early can lead to serious complications, including addiction and dependency, violent behavior and also early death due to health complications.

She has, however, lauded the government for encouraging mental wellness and also launching the Psychological First Aid (PFA) guide in the wake of the virus putting emphasis on the three action principal of look, listen and link. “When we follow this it will be easy to identify an individual in distress and also offer assistance”.

Mary has urged anyone feeling the weight of the virus taking a toll on them not to hesitate but look for someone to talk to.

“You should not only seek help from a specialist but also talk to a friend, let them know what you are undergoing and how you feel, this will help ease their emotional stress and also find ways of dealing with the situation they are facing,” She added

Mary continued to stress on the need to perform frequent body exercises as a form of stress relief, reading and also taking advantage of this unfortunate COVID-19 period to engage in hobbies and talent development.

“Let people take this as an opportunity to kip fit, get in touch with one’s inner self and  also engage in   reading that would  help expand their knowledge.

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