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Efforts to curb teen pregnancies in Kilifi bear no fruit

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By BAYA SAMUEL
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We meet in a rundown hotel in Kilifi town and Kadii, 18, ask for the menu. She scans it hastily before ordering for tea and mahamri (buns).

Kadii fiddles with her fingers, appearing unsettled even as I assure her that the interview will be short and will not be intrusive.

“I need to go back home before my husband arrives for lunch. Let us finish this fast. He might not be happy to know I talked to you,” she says.

Kadii is a mother of a two-year-old girl. She gave birth while still in primary school.

“I was only 16 when I conceived. I succumbed to peer pressure for I was naive. Honestly, I didn’t know him very well,” she says.

Kadii adds that while at school, her friends kept showing her photos of their boyfriends and the gifts the men were buying them, including panties, food and clothes.

“I felt that I was missing out and gave in. A friend introduced him to me. He was my age mate but in a neighbouring school,” Kadii says.

When she became pregnant, the boy dropped out of school and offered to marry her. Intriguingly, their parents were not opposed to the idea.

The two are now living as man and wife, her husband doing menial jobs in neighbouring Mombasa County.

“After two years of playing mother and wife roles, I really do regret becoming pregnant. Many of my age mates who remained in school are way ahead of me in life but I will correct that. I plan to join a technical institution,” she says.

Kache, on the other hand, was not that lucky. The man whom made her pregnant took off and she had to turn to her parent for help.

“After promising many things, he disappeared when I informed him that I was expectant. I had to drop out of school,” Kache says, adding that her mother looked after her.

The elderly woman is now looking after her child and grandchild. The girl plans to go back to school and pursue her teaching dream.

Kadii and Kache are just a mirror of the big problem facing Kilifi County, where girls drop out of school on becoming pregnant.

Education and children officials say the region has recorded almost 3,000 cases of teen pregnancies between January and March. Most of the girls are aged 15 to 19.

The major hotspots of teen pregnancies are Ganze, Bamba, Magarini, Mtwapa, Kilifi town and Malindi.

Kilifi Women Network (Kiwnet) chairwoman Esther Kondo told the Nation that the situation is terrible.

“The numbers could be far much higher, given that some cases go unreported,” she said.

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“It is true that teen pregnancies have been on the rise in Kilifi. I have just received news of nine pregnant girls in Rabai.”

In its 2018 report, Kiwnet said the county recorded 17,866 early pregnancies, with Rabai Sub-County leading with 28 per cent of the cases.

However, County Children Affairs coordinator George Migosi put the figure at 13,624.

Records at Rabai Health Centre show that more than 20 girls aged 15 to 18 gave birth in December alone.

About 30 per cent of the births in the sub-county in the last three months involved girls in that age bracket.

Mr Elvina Nyevu, a village elder in Liwandani told the Nation that authorities and school administrators are looking for a 40-year-old man who eloped with a 14-year-old weeks ago.

“The man is on the run. He abandoned his family when his affair with the girl began. We have reported the case to the police. There are reports that the girl is pregnant and we are doing all we can to have him arrested and prosecuted,” Mr Nyevu said.

Sauti ya Wanawake Ganze chapter chairperson Judith Uchi said underage pregnancy cases are also rampant in her area.

Last week, about seven cases were reported in Ganze, she said.

“It is clear that our men and even school boys have a problem,” Ms Uche said.

Kilifi Mums chairperson Kibibi Ali blamed the problem on residents not finding time to talk to their children.

“In our sensitisation programmes in schools and villages, we found out that locals do not talk to their children on the dangers of early sex,” Ms Ali said.

Some blame the epidemic of teen sex on the high levels of poverty in Kilifi, joblessness and the highway and urban phenomena.

They say the latter two contribute to the erosion of cultural values and promote sex tourism in places like Mtwapa, Kilifi and Malindi.

Another contributing factor is the boda boda business.

In November, Governor Amason Kingi formed a committee to investigate the problem. Its recommendations are yet to be made public.

Mr Kingi gave the team that comprised health, education and gender officers a month to do its work.

The governor told the Nation that the committee is yet to present its findings to his desk.

Kilifi Woman Representative Getrude Mbeyu has been vocal on the problem.

“Building boarding schools, particularly for girls, in our county will reduce this problem,” she says.



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Public officers above 58 years and with pre-existing conditions told to work from home: The Standard

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Head of Public Service Joseph Kinyua. [File, Standard]
In a document from Head of Public Service, Joseph Kinyua new measure have been outlined to curb the bulging spread of covid-19. Public officers with underlying health conditions and those who are over 58 years -a group that experts have classified as most vulnerable to the virus will be required to execute their duties from home.

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However, the new rule excluded personnel in the security sector and other critical and essential services.
“All State and public officers with pre-existing medical conditions and/or aged 58 years and above serving in CSG5 (job group ‘S’) and below or their equivalents should forthwith work from home,” read the document,” read the document.
To ensure that those working from home deliver, the Public Service directs that there be clear assignments and targets tasked for the period designated and a clear reporting line to monitor and review work done.
SEE ALSO: Thinking inside the cardboard box for post-lockdown work stations
Others measures outlined in the document include the provision of personal protective equipment to staff, provision of sanitizers and access to washing facilities fitted with soap and water, temperature checks for all staff and clients entering public offices regular fumigation of office premises and vehicles and minimizing of visitors except by prior appointments.
Officers who contract the virus and come back to work after quarantine or isolation period will be required to follow specific directives such as obtaining clearance from the isolation facility certified by the designated persons indicating that the public officer is free and safe from Covid-19. The officer will also be required to stay away from duty station for a period of seven days after the date of medical certification.
“The period a public officer spends in quarantine or isolation due to Covid-19, shall be treated as sick leave and shall be subject to the Provisions of the Human Resource Policy and procedures Manual for the Public Service(May,2016),” read the document.
The service has also made discrimination and stigmatization an offence and has guaranteed those affected with the virus to receive adequate access to mental health and psychosocial supported offered by the government.
The new directives targeting the Public Services come at a time when Kenyans have increasingly shown lack of strict observance of the issued guidelines even as the number of positive Covid-19 cases skyrocket to 13,771 and leaving 238 dead as of today.
SEE ALSO: Working from home could be blessing in disguise for persons with disabilities
Principal Secretaries/ Accounting Officers will be personally responsible for effective enforcement and compliance of the current guidelines and any future directives issued to mitigate the spread of Covid-19.

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Uhuru convenes summit to review rising Covid-19 cases: The Standard

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President Uhuru Kenyatta (pictured) will on Friday, July 24, meet governors following the ballooning Covid-19 infections in recent days.
The session will among other things review the efficacy of the containment measures in place and review the impact of the phased easing of the restrictions, State House said in a statement.
This story is being updated.
SEE ALSO: Sakaja resigns from Covid-19 Senate committee, in court tomorrow

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Drastic life changes affecting mental health

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Kenya has been ranked 6th among African countries with the highest cases of depression, this has triggered anxiety by the World Health Organization (WHO), with 1.9 million people suffering from a form of mental conditions such as depression, substance abuse.

KBC Radio_KICD Timetable

Globally, one in four people is affected by mental or neurological disorders at some point in their lives, this is according to the WHO.

Currently, around 450 million people suffer from such conditions, placing mental disorders among the leading causes of ill-health and disability worldwide.

The pandemic has also been known to cause significant distress, mostly affecting the state of one’s mental well-being.

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With the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic attributed to the novel Coronavirus disease, millions have been affected globally with over 14 million infections and half a million deaths as to date. This has brought about uncertainty coupled with difficult situations, including job loss and the risk of contracting the deadly virus.

In Kenya the first Coronavirus case was reported in Nairobi by the Ministry of Health on the 12th March 2020.  It was not until the government put in place precautionary measures including a curfew and lockdown (the latter having being lifted) due to an increase in the number of infections that people began feeling its effect both economically and socially.

A study by Dr. Habil Otanga,  a Lecturer at the University of Nairobi, Department of Psychology says  that such measures can in turn lead to surge in mental related illnesses including depression, feelings of confusion, anger and fear, and even substance abuse. It also brings with it a sense of boredom, loneliness, anger, isolation and frustration. In the post-quarantine/isolation period, loss of employment due to the depressed economy and the stigma around the disease are also likely to lead to mental health problems.

The Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) states that at least 300,000 Kenyans have lost their jobs due to the Coronavirus pandemic between the period of January and March this year.

KNBC noted that the number of employed Kenyans plunged to 17.8 million as of March from 18.1 million people as compared to last year in December. The Report states that the unemployment rate in Kenya stands at 13.7 per cent as of March this year while it stood 12.4 per cent in December 2019.

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Mama T (not her real name) is among millions of Kenyans who have been affected by containment measures put in place to curb the spread of the virus, either by losing their source of income or having to work under tough guidelines put in place by the MOH.

As young mother and an event organizer, she has found it hard to explain to her children why they cannot go to school or socialize freely with their peers as before.

“Sometimes it gets difficult as they do not understand what is happening due to their age, this at times becomes hard on me as they often think I am punishing them,”

Her contract was put on hold as no event or public gatherings can take place due to the pandemic. This has brought other challenges along with it, as she has to find means of fending for her family expenditures that including rent and food.

“I often wake up in the middle of the night with worries about my next move as the pandemic does not exhibit any signs of easing up,” she says. She adds that she has been forced to sort for manual jobs to keep her family afloat.

Ms. Mary Wahome, a Counseling Psychologist and Programs Director at ‘The Reason to Hope,’ in Karen, Nairobi says that such kind of drastic life changes have an adverse effect on one’s mental status including their family members and if not addressed early can lead to depression among other issues.

“We have had cases of people indulging in substance abuse to deal with the uncertainty and stress brought about by the pandemic, this in turn leads to dependence and also domestic abuse,”

Sam Njoroge , a waiter at a local hotel in Kiambu, has found himself indulging in substance abuse due to challenges he is facing after the hotel he was working in was closed down as it has not yet met the standards required by the MOH to open.

“My day starts at 6am where I go to a local pub, here I can get a drink for as little as Sh30, It makes me suppress the frustration I feel.” he says.

Sam is among the many who have found themselves in the same predicament and resulted to substance abuse finding ways to beat strict measures put in place by the government on the sale of alcohol so as to cope.

Mary says, situations like Sam’s are dangerous and if not addressed early can lead to serious complications, including addiction and dependency, violent behavior and also early death due to health complications.

She has, however, lauded the government for encouraging mental wellness and also launching the Psychological First Aid (PFA) guide in the wake of the virus putting emphasis on the three action principal of look, listen and link. “When we follow this it will be easy to identify an individual in distress and also offer assistance”.

Mary has urged anyone feeling the weight of the virus taking a toll on them not to hesitate but look for someone to talk to.

“You should not only seek help from a specialist but also talk to a friend, let them know what you are undergoing and how you feel, this will help ease their emotional stress and also find ways of dealing with the situation they are facing,” She added

Mary continued to stress on the need to perform frequent body exercises as a form of stress relief, reading and also taking advantage of this unfortunate COVID-19 period to engage in hobbies and talent development.

“Let people take this as an opportunity to kip fit, get in touch with one’s inner self and  also engage in   reading that would  help expand their knowledge.

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