One of the perks of starting your own company is creating your ideal work culture. However, creating a company culture can be easier said than done, especially when you’re not making deliberate efforts to develop and maintain it. But before we get started, what exactly is company culture? It is an implicit hierarchy of values that informs how members of the company behave. It influences every aspect of a company – from establishing core values, recruiting the right people, and having a motivated workforce. A great company culture supports positive business practices that ensure a company’s long-term success. On the other hand, bad company culture can ultimately ruin a start-up. The lack of positive company culture is especially detrimental to employee morale, which has negative consequences on the bottom line. In a survey by Deloitte, 94 per cent of executives and 88 per cent of employees said that a distinct corporate culture is important to a business’ success. The study concluded that there’s a strong correlation between employees who claim to feel happy and valued at work and those who say their company has a strong culture. Start early If you have a young business, you are probably thinking that it is too early to worry about company culture. But right from inception is the best time to start building company culture. Just like raising a child, it is easier to instil the values you want in your company when it is still young. The longer you wait to instil the right values, the more difficult the process will be for all involved. For example, when you make sure that your first few employees have embraced a positive and productive company culture, they will transfer the right values to the company’s later hires. Bear in mind that it is almost all start-ups experience a rough patch in their culture, something popularly known as “cultural chasm.” This might happen when long-term employees identify disheartening changes in the culture. Establish your mission and vision
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What value does your business add to society? Having a clearly defined vision and mission goes a long way in establishing a company culture. Without a mission and vision, you are just in the business of asking people for money – and while that might work in the short-term, it isn’t enough to inspire your team in the long-term. Your mission and vision define who you are as an organisation, how you do business, and why you matter. Before you even hire your first employee, think about why you started the business. Make sure that each employee understands what your mission and vision is and that it aligns with their personal goals. This will give your employees a sense of purpose that will keep them motivated, even when your organisation is going through a rough patch. Define your core values What are the values that you want to embrace and emulate in your company? For example, do you want an energetic and innovative team? This will guide you in hiring people who can reflect your values and create the desired company culture. Your company values should be tied to your mission and vision. For instance, it doesn’t make sense to emphasise innovation and risk-taking without a long-term plan to break into new space or bring cutting-edge changes to your industry. In simple words, the expectations you set for your employees should match with your organisation’s broader strategies. If you didn’t create a concise and relevant list of core values before starting your business, it isn’t too late to do so. Put together a focus group of employees who have been with your company for several years to brainstorm and identify the values that align with your company. Ask them to lean on good and bad experiences that the company has gone through as they conduct this exercise.Hire and recruit carefully One ill-advised hire can poison your team’s morale and negatively affect the positive culture you have worked hard to develop. Bear in mind that each individual you bring into your company will contribute to your cultural evolution. Therefore, don’t hire employees solely based on their skills, but also consider their cultural relevance. Look out for individuals that believe in your vision and mission and exemplify your core values. However, take care not to fall into the culture-fit trap. Hiring cookie-cutter replicas of your existing employees won’t enhance your culture. Instead, look for “culture adds”- employees who will mesh with your culture as well as bring unique perspectives and experiences to your team. Studies show that diverse workforces are more successful. Diverse companies enjoy 2.3 times higher cashflow per employee, while companies with diverse management teams enjoy a 19 per cent increase in revenue compared to their less diverse counterparts. Lead by example Your employees will look up to you as an example of how they should conduct themselves at work and to some extent, you will also have influence on their personal choices. To inspire your employees to give their best to your company, they need to see you fully committed to the company’s mission and vision and living up to its core values. They should know that no matter how hard they work, there is always someone working harder…you! Company culture is set by leaders, maintained by employees, and monitored by Human Resource departments. If you don’t adhere to the culture expectations, it will be disingenuous to ask your team to. [email protected]
President Uhuru Kenyatta speaks during a joint statement with Tanzanian President Samia Suluhu Hassan at the State House, in Nairobi, Kenya, on May 4, 2021. [Reuters, Baz Ratner]
President Uhuru Kenyatta has been exposed politically by Thursday’s High Court ruling, which could trigger a litany of suits and a possible bid for impeachment. The five-judge Bench accused the president of violating chapter six of the Constitution, after consolidating cases from several litigants challenging the constitutional review process through the Building Bridges Initiative (BBI). Yesterday, ICPK director Ndungu Wainaina said the BBI process could not be salvaged after the ruling, adding that the judges had made it clear that the basic structure doctrine limits the amendment power. “The basic structure can only be amended by the primary constituent process,” said Wainaina. During the ruling, the judges also said civil court proceedings can be instituted against the president. Legal experts yesterday said President Kenyatta’s remaining tenure could be in limbo, legally. They said unless the judgment is overturned on appeal, the finding by the five judges was a clarification of the law that the president should observe the limits set by the Constitution and the law. However, lawyer Kibe Mungai said although the verdict can be the reason for impeachment, it will be a herculean task because the president enjoys majority support in both houses of Parliament. “It is not very new, it is a clarification that the president can be sued in his personal capacity and not about his functions, for example, if a president is to rob a bank, he will be sued as an individual and not as a president. That is the correct interpretation in most countries. That is proper finding,” said Mungai. The five judges were of the view that the President is only protected from such actions in respect of anything done or not done in the exercise of their powers under this Constitution. “Assuming, in his tenure, the President embarks on a mission that is not only clearly in violation of the Constitution but is also destructive to the nation, would it not be prudent that he should be stopped in his tracks rather than wait until the lapse of his tenure by which time the country may have tipped over the cliff?” they posed. The judges were determining President Kenyatta’s role in the BBI process. However, the court is split on if he was justified or had powers to appoint the BBI task force. On one hand, Justice John Mativo said the president was right, while the other judges found that he had breached Chapter Six of the Constitution. “The President cannot be said to have acted ultra vires the Constitution. He acted intra vires in taking steps to achieve this noble constitutional requirement. The President’s decision meets both the proportionality and rationality tests which are core requirements for the decision to pass the principle of legality test,” Justice Mativo ruled on the formation of the BBI task force.
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Yesterday, a senior counsel who sought anonymity, said President Kenyatta did not act out of the blues in forming the BBI task force. He also argues that by the Judiciary participating in the process, it had given its thumb of approval. Presidential petition
“The Judiciary participated in the BBI process. They for example, sought for extension of the time of hearing of the presidential petition. How can the Judiciary participate in the process and then turn around and say the president should be impeached for it?” he posed. Lawyer Jackson Awele said if there are different interpretations on the President’s role from the High Court, then it is for the Court of Appeal to iron them out. “If there are issues which are not in sync, it will be for the Court of Appeal to harmonise them,” Awele said. Notably, it is the second time that the High Court has found that President Kenyatta can be sued in person. In the first case, involving the swearing of 41 judges, High Court judges George Dulu, William Musyoka and James Wakiaga found that the Constitution does not shield the president from being dragged into a constitutional or judicial review court even when in office. The three judges, however, pointed out that he should not be sued in person but through the Attorney General. Yesterday, Law Society of Kenya (LSK) president Nelson Havi said the 321-page judgment is an indictment to President Kenyatta. He said the breach of the Constitution was a serious issue that he can be personally held accountable for. According to him the judge’s reference to the President as Mr Uhuru also amounted to stripping him of his status as Head of State. “There is no decision of the High Court that is as clear on the misconduct of the President as this one. On the judges’ appointment, they just said if he had just breached the Constitution, if it were in Israel or India, he would have resigned. You realised they have referred to him as Mr Kenyatta; they have stripped him the stature of a President. Unfortunately, Parliament is emasculated and will not impeach him but it will go a long way to dent his image as a leader,” Havi said. But early in the week, President Kenyatta and ODM leader Raila Odinga had rallied the National Assembly and the Senate to overwhelmingly endorse the BBI Bill, setting the stage for a constitutional review. Only a public endorsement through a referendum was awaiting until the High Court’s shock ruling on Thursday. The push for law review began with their March 9, 2018 Handshake, following the controversial 2017 presidential elections. But the journey to change the 2010 Constitution has not been rosy, after the BBI received a lukewarm reception from Deputy President William Ruto, a voracious civil society that sought to derail the process and then the Covid-19 pandemic, coped with a struggling economy. After the BBI sailed through in Parliament, both Speakers said they were preparing to hand over the Bill to President Kenyatta. “We have finished our role and are waiting for the President to give us an appointment so that we can jointly present the Bill,” said Senate Speaker Ken Lusaka. His National Assembly counterpart Justin Muturi said they had cleared their part. “The staff are going through typos and referencing errors before booking an appointment with the president,” said Muturi. But there had been another hurdle to the process. In February, a five-judge Bench had barred President Kenyatta from assenting to the Bill should it be passed by the bicameral Parliament. They ruled that the amendments would not come into force until determination of the petitions challenging the process. Justices Joel Ngugi, George Odunga, Jairus Ngaah, Chacha Mwita and Teresiah Matheka issued the orders following an application by Thirdway Alliance, a week ago in Nakuru. Thirdway Alliance lawyers had applied to have the National Assembly and the Senate barred from acting on the resolutions by county assemblies.
Zlatan Ibrahimovic out of Euro 2020
Zlatan Ibrahimovic requires surgery after picking up a knee injury for AC Milan last week which will rule him out of Sweden’s Euro 2020 campaign
Four months into a Covid-19 vaccination campaign marred by shortages and delays, hard-hit Brazil is still struggling to find enough doses, as political and diplomatic blunders prolong its pandemic nightmare.
Around 33 million people — 15 per cent of the population — have received at least one vaccine dose in Brazil, a proportion still too small to have a substantial impact on the virus’ spread.
Targeted by a Senate inquiry over its handling of the pandemic, President Jair Bolsonaro’s government is facing criticism for failing to secure more vaccines, including its refusal of offers to purchase millions of doses and diplomatic tension with China that may be slowing the import of vaccine ingredients.
“We don’t have enough doses right now to vaccinate as fast as we should,” said Margareth Dalcolmo, a pulmonologist and researcher at leading public health institute Fiocruz.
Vaccinate younger people
“We ought to be vaccinating younger people already, especially given that younger demographic groups are currently driving transmission,” she told AFP.
But first, Brazil still has to vaccinate 80 million people from high-priority groups, including the elderly, indigenous people and health workers.
Vaccine doses meanwhile continue to arrive in a trickle — although the government maintains it will be able to vaccinate all adults by the end of the year.
Brazil has lost more lives to Covid-19 than any country except the United States — more than 430,000 — and has one of the highest death tolls per capita in the world.
Though the current wave has eased somewhat since April, the virus is still killing a staggeringly high number of people in the country — nearly 2,000 a day.
Despite its huge size, the South American country is known for executing turbo-charged vaccination campaigns.
In 2010, Brazil vaccinated more than 80 million people against H1N1 — the swine flu virus — in less than three months.
“We need to be vaccinating two million people a day,” said Dalcolmo.
As it stands, Brazil has rarely managed more than one million Covid-19 shots a day.
“We’ve gotten better since the start of the year, but we’re still a long way from where we need to be,” said Joao Viola, president of the Brazilian Immunological Society’s scientific committee.
Brazil started out using two vaccines, Oxford/AstraZeneca’s and Chinese-developed CoronaVac, both of which it has licenses to produce locally.
The drive got a boost last month with the arrival of the Pfizer vaccine. But only about two million of the 100 million doses Brazil has ordered have been delivered so far.
All three shots require two doses.
Brazil could have secured more Pfizer doses faster, but Bolsonaro’s government refused an offer last August to purchase more than 70 million of them.
The far-right president, who has persistently snubbed expert advice on handling the pandemic, joked that the vaccine could “turn you into an alligator” — only to change course months later and allow a deal with the US pharmaceutical giant.
“Worldwide demand for vaccines is very high, so those who were slow to sign deals are receiving their orders later,” said Viola.
Bolsonaro, whose government often has strained relations with China, also refused to purchase CoronaVac, calling it the vaccine from “that other country.”
But a political opponent, Joao Doria, governor of Brazil’s most populous state, Sao Paulo, pursued a deal for CoronaVac anyway.
The vaccine now accounts for more than 70 percent of the doses administered in Brazil.
However, the public health centre manufacturing it in Brazil, the Butantan Institute, announced Friday it would have to halt production because it had run out of the active ingredient, which has to be imported from China.
Brazil is due to start producing the active ingredient for CoronaVac itself, but only in September.
The Butantan Institute said “diplomatic problems” could prevent it from delivering new doses in June.
Last week, Bolsonaro provoked China by saying it may have created the novel coronavirus in a lab to wage “germ warfare.”
“There are 10,000 liters (of active ingredient for CoronaVac) ready, just waiting for the Chinese government to authorize shipment,” said Doria.
“But every time someone here makes a disparaging remark about China, that clearly makes it more difficult.”
Attorney General (AG) Paul Kihara Kariuki has filed a petition appealing judgment on the Building Bridges Initiative (BBI) bill, citing dissatisfaction in the decision made by the five-bench judge.
The BBI Bill, officially known as Constitutional Amendment Bill 2020, was declared null and void by a five-bench judge on Thursday, May 13.
According to a ruling by judges Prof Joel Ngugi, George Odunga, Jairus Ngaah, Teresia Matheka and Chacha Mwita, President Uhuru Kenyatta does not have the power to initiate a Constitutional amendment.
The five bench judges ruled that even the BBI Steering Committee unconstitutional.
“It is our finding that popular initiative is a power reserved for Wanjiku neither the president or any other state organ can utilize article 257 to amend the constitution. President cannot purport to directly initiate a constitutional amendment. He isn’t part of parliament. He has no power under the constitution to initiate changes under the constitution since parliament is the only state organ that can consider the effecting of constitutional changes. The president is not permitted to amend the constitution using popular initiative,” said the judges.
The judges ruled that the President should have used the parliamentary initiative by petitioning the National Assembly through the Attorney-General to consider the desired amendments.
The appeal by Kihara comes a day after BBI secretariat co-chairs Junet Mohamed and Denis Waweru dismissed the ruling as judicial activism, vowing to appeal.
“This was a very deliberate design to plunge the country into a constitutional crisis and chaos through judicial activism,” Junet said.
The Suna East MP claimed that there exists an unholy marriage between the Deputy President William Ruto-led faction (Tanga tanga), the civil society and the judiciary.
“We note the celebration of the ruling by politicians and the civil society operators who have dismissed BBI from the word go. These politicians are determined to ignore the fact that four million Kenyans signed the BBI amendment Bill,” added the legislator.
On Saturday, May 15, ODM party leader Raila Odinga who is President Uhuru Kenyatta’s handshake partner said BBI proponents will appeal the ruling.